Appeal from Recorder's Court of Detroit, John R. Murphy, J.
D. E. Holbrook, Jr., P. J., and McGregor and N. J. Kaufman, JJ.
1. -- Plea Bargains -- Record -- Affirmative Acknowledgment -- Court Rules.
Any plea bargain between a prosecutor and a defendant must be placed upon the record and affirmatively acknowledged by the defendant, his lawyer, and the prosecutor (GCR 1963, 785.7).
2. -- Plea of Guilty -- Plea Bargains -- Remand.
A case should be remanded to the trial court for a determination of the nature of the agreement and whether the agreement was fulfilled, where a defendant has pled guilty pursuant to a plea bargaining agreement and where it is impossible to determine what the plea bargain was as well as impossible to ascertain whether the agreement was fulfilled because of an obvious inconsistency between what the prosecutor claims the bargain to have been and what actually appears on the written record.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Holbrook
Andrew Holt was convicted, on his plea of guilty, of unarmed robbery. Defendant appeals.
As a result of apparent plea bargaining defendant pled guilty to the offense of unarmed robbery, MCLA 750.530; MSA 28.798. While a plea bargain was placed upon the record it was acknowledged only by the defendant and his counsel; no representative of the prosecuting attorney's office being present.
The nature of the plea agreement as ascertained from reviewing the plea-taking transcript was that in return for defendant's plea of guilty to unarmed robbery the original charge of armed robbery together with all other charges pending against defendant in the Recorders Court for the City of Detroit would be dismissed. The plea-taking transcript clearly reveals that there were in fact other charges pending against the defendant in said court.
On appeal the people argue that the defendant merely bargained away a possible life sentence in return for a sentence carrying a 15-year maximum and should not now be heard to complain. This is the totality of the prosecutor's understanding of the plea agreement as determined from his brief, his copy of a pretrial statement and his oral argument on appeal.
Based on the foregoing it is apparent that the prosecutor's understanding of the plea agreement is far different than the agreement which was placed on the record and verbally acknowledged by the defendant and his counsel. In fact, the agreement as stated by the prosecutor is far more restrictive than the agreement set forth in the record.
GCR 1963, 785.7(2) requires that any plea bargain between the prosecutor and the defendant be placed upon the record and " affirmatively acknowledged by the defendant, his lawyer, and the prosecutor". (Emphasis supplied.) Not only was the court rule not complied with but the prosecutor's absence from the plea taking rendered it impossible to be complied with.
In People v Head, 67 Mich App 678; 242 NW2d 485 (1976), a panel of this Court, in analyzing Guilty Plea Cases, 395 Mich 96; 235 NW2d ...