Appeal from Wayne, Thomas J. Foley, J.
D. E. Holbrook, Jr., P. J., and McGregor and N. J. Kaufman, JJ.
1. Judgment -- Summary Judgment -- Benefit of Doubt -- Genuine Issue of Fact -- Court Rules
A summary judgment granted for the reason that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact will be upheld on appeal where, giving the opposing party the benefit of every reasonable doubt, there is no genuine issue as to any material fact (GCR 1963, 117.2).
2. Insurance -- Accidental Death -- Eyes of Deceased -- Self-Defense -- Provocation by Insured -- Misconduct.
A court, in determining that the death of an insured was accidental within the meaning of an accidental death clause must find that the death (1) was not caused by one acting in self-defense, and (2) was not culpably provoked by the insured nor the result of his misconduct; a death is not accidental as a matter of law where it is a foreseeable occurrence when viewed through the eyes of the deceased.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Per Curiam
Complaint by Sherry Lynn Wynglass, by her next friend Cheryl Wynglass, against the Prudential Life Insurance Company of America and Debra Wynglass for accidental death benefits payable under a policy of insurance. Cross-claim by Debra Wynglass against Prudential Life. By stipulation Sherry Lynn Wynglass was dismissed as a party. Summary judgment for defendant Prudential Life. Cross-plaintiff appeals.
Plaintiff, Debra Wynglass, appeals the grant of defendant's motion for summary judgment, GCR 1963, 117.2(3), by the Wayne County Circuit Court. *fn1
The issue in dispute involves a policy of insurance under which Raynel Wynglass was the named insured and Debra Wynglass was the named beneficiary. On Raynel's death, defendant paid the face value of the policy. Plaintiff Debra brought this action to collect the additional "accidental death" benefits under the insurance policy.
A deposition by Debra Wynglass was the only evidence before the trial court at the time it considered the motion for summary judgment. The deposition reveals that Debra shot and killed Raynel in attempting to fend off one of his numerous assaults on her. She had lived with Raynel, who stood six feet tall and weighed about 280 pounds, for three and one-half years. On the night of March 19, 1974, she arrived home from work about 5:30 p.m. Raynel accused her of having an affair with another man. She went into the bedroom and Raynel struck her with his fist while yelling at her. After leaving the bedroom, she went to the kitchen and grabbed a paring knife. Raynel saw the knife, they struggled. He broke her knife. Raynel grabbed a long bread knife and began "cutting" her. After receiving many cuts, she broke away and ran to the bedroom. After knocking her down and kicking her, he went into the bathroom.
Debra then ran into the bedroom and grabbed a pistol which had, on a prior occasion, been left in the house by a third party. Both Debra and Raynel were aware of the gun. She ran into the hallway in order to leave, but Raynel was there. He grabbed her purse and threw it, and began knocking her up against the wall. He had the knife, and she had the gun. As Raynel approached her, she said something to the effect of "don't come any closer or I will shoot". She was pointing the gun at him, and he saw it. Debra stated that because he kept coming toward her she shot him. She testified that Raynel had assaulted her many times before, but never with a weapon. She had never resisted before. Debra stated that she was afraid that he would kill her, and that he had never made such a threat before. The case was ruled "justifiable homicide" by the police.
For a summary judgment granted under GCR 1963, 117.2(3) to be upheld on appeal, it must be clear that, giving the opposing party the benefit of every reasonable doubt, there is no genuine issue as to any material fact. George E Snyder Associates, Inc v The Midwest Bank, 56 Mich App 193; 223 NW2d 632 (1974), lv den, 393 Mich 769 (1974).
The court here, therefore, held that the death of the insured was not, as a matter of law, accidental. In determining whether a death is accidental, a court must view the death through the eyes of the deceased and must ascertain whether his death was a foreseeable occurence. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co v Coon, 46 Mich App 503; 208 NW2d 532 (1973). Plaintiff argues that the instant facts made the question of foreseeability one for jury determination. ...