The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Paul L. Maloney Chief United States District Judge
HONORABLE PAUL L. MALONEY
Dismissing the Complaint as to Some Defendants Due to Lack of Prosecution and Denying Without Prejudice as Moot Certain Pending Motions 76, 79, 80, 81, 82, 85, 87, 91, 107, and 112
The plaintiffs are proceeding pro se, but the court notes that plaintiff Alaina Zanke-Jodway is an attorney admitted to the Michigan Bar, as indicated by the Michigan Bar membership number ("P" number) underneath her name on the plaintiffs' filings. The quality of the writing and reasoning, the competent and correct use of legal terms and concepts, and the breadth and organization of the plaintiffs' exhibits are all consistent with what one would expect from a licensed attorney, albeit not (as Ms. Zanke points out) an attorney specializing in environmental law. Cf. N'Jai v. Floyd, 2009 WL 1531594, *1 n.4 (W.D. Pa. May 29, 2009) ("[W]hile plaintiff is pro se . . . she has instituted numerous civil actions in this court and has, or should have, gained experience and familiarity with the requisites of maintaining a civil action in federal court.") (internal alterations and quotation marks omitted, citation omitted).
This case implicates Michigan's Natural Resource and Environmental Protection Act ("NREPA"), which is Chapter 324 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. Counts seven, eight and nine may all implicate NREPA Article I - General Provisions (especially Part 3 - Definitions and Part 17 -Michigan Environmental Protection Act ("MEPA")). Count seven implicates NREPA Part 31. Count eight implicates NREPA Article II Chapter 2 - Nonpoint Source Pollution Control (especially Part 91 -- Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control). Count nine implicates NREPA Article III, Chapter 1, Part 301, especially sections 30101, 30102, and 30106. The plaintiffs also assert many tort claims under Michigan's statutory and common law.
The property at issue in this action is a home and two lakefront lots at 324 Bay Street, in the Original Plat of Spring Arbor, located in Boyne City, Charlevoix County, Michigan. As of March 2005, the property was owned by non-parties Michael and Elizabeth Pilobosian; in June 2005, they sold it to defendants Michael and Ann Gabos for $549,000. See Am Comp ¶¶ 40 & 49. On July 20, 2005, plaintiffs Alaina M. Zanke-Jodway and Timothy M. Jodway ("together "Jodway") made a $649,000 purchase offer to Gabos; the sale closed on August 3, 2005. Am Comp ¶¶ 1-3, 26, and 50.
Defendant Fifth Third Bank - Michigan, LLC provided financing for the June 2005 Gabos purchase and the Jodway purchase less than two months later. For both transactions, Fifth Third commissioned and relied on appraisals done by defendant Deborah Spence, a licensed Michigan residential real-estate appraiser, through her company A.C.E. Am Comp ¶¶ 27, 29-30, and 52-53.
The August 3, 2005 Warranty Deed ("the deed") states that the property includes three lots. Id. ¶3. Block 4 - Lot 14 is a corner lot which contains their house; the front of the house faces Bay Street, and the side of the house faces Addis Street. Id. ¶ 4. Block 1 - Lots 1 and 2 have a steep slope and a bluff, with 23 cement steps leading to a more-gently sloped flat area, and then a boulder ("rip rock") seawall which ranges from five to eight feet high in front of their beachfront. Id. ¶¶ 4-5.
Next to Lot 14 (Jodway's house) is an unimproved small triangular lot owned by defendant City of Boyne City ("Boyne City"), a municipal corporation. Am Comp ¶¶ 9-10. During the relevant time period, Boyne City employed these defendants: Mayor/Commissioner Stackus; Commissioners Grunch, Adkison, and Douglas; Public Works Director Jason; City Manager Cain; and Water Department Director Meads. Am Comp ¶¶ 11-19.
Next-door and down-slope from the Jodway property is 320 Bay Street (owned by defendants James J. Luyckx and Carolyn S. Luyckx, together "Luyckx"), which experienced stair washout from water run-off directed down their driveway. Id. ¶¶ 35 and 45. Next-door to and down-slope from that is 318 Bay Street (owned by defendants Clarke, Betty Jane, and Lynn Haire), which had a private drain from Bay Street through their property into Lake Charlevoix. Id. ¶¶ 37 and 46-47.
Although Jodway did not own the property until August 2005, the relevant events began about five months earlier, when defendant City of Boyne City ("the City") searched for a contractor to provide engineering design services and supervise the reconstruction of Bay Street. Am Comp ¶ 40. , prepared Capital's proposal. Am Comp ¶¶ 19-21. On March 2, 2005, defendant Capital Consultants, Inc., submitted a proposal to The City which was prepared by defendants James M. Fox and James E. Hirschenberger, Capital employees who were licensed by the State of Michigan as professional engineers. Capital's Bay Street proposal read, in pertinent part:
The reconstruction of Bay Street from John Street to Addis Street, a length of approximately 600 feet. The improvements will include the reconstruction of the existing seal coat roadway with new HMA pavement, drainage and culvert improvements, [and] sanitary sewer and water main replacement. The sanitary sewer will be replaced on John Street from Michigan Avenue to Bay Street.
The existing roadway is approximately 16 feet wide and the new roadway will likely be replaced at the same width and location. Although the City has 66 feet of right of way, in this area, some of it is not usable due to the location of the bluff to the lake, and a portion of the existing road may not be in the right of way. Existing drains to the lake will be utilized where possible. It is not anticipated that new storm outlets to the lake will be included as part of the project.
Defs' MSJ (Doc. No. 58), Ex A at unnumbered page 3 (paragraph break added, emphasis added).
According to Jodway, the "existing drains" referred to in the Capital Proposal were (1) a drainage pipe that ran from a Bay Street catch basin, through the Haires' lakefront property, whose property is "two doors down" from Jodway, and (2) a private catch basin and drain installed by the prior owner of the Jodway property to prevent water run-off from eroding the soil and slop beneath the cement steps of lakefront lots 1 and 2 of the Jodway property. See Am Comp ¶ 43.
On April 25, 2005, Boyne City held a Bay Street construction "kick-off meeting", where its Public Works Director discussed the following issues with Capital and its engineers, Fox and Hirschenberger: (1) existing drainage pipes were inadequate; (2) the City had no right-of-way over the Jodway property for laying water pipes and a fire hydrant; (3) the City had no "flowage" easement over Jodway Lots 1 and 2 to allow run-off and storm water to drain into Lake Charlevoix; and (4) the project might require "grading" permits. Am Comp ¶¶ 43-44.
At a meeting on July 21, 2005 -- the day after Jodway made a purchase offer to Gabos -- Boyne City, Jason and/or Meads directed Capital to design and install a new catch basin and connect it to the existing catch basin on Jodway Lots 1 and 2, in order to drain neighborhood run-off and storm water from Bay Street over the Jodway property and into the lake. Am Comp ¶ 51.
On August 3 -- the day the Gabos sale to Jodway closed -- Capital asked Boyne City to advertise and solicit excavation contractor bids for the Bay Street reconstruction project. Am Comp ¶ 54. On August 17 -- two weeks after Jodway took possession -- Boyne City and Capital applied to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality ("DEQ") for a permit to lay water pipes and a fire hydrant through Jodway's Lot 14 (the corner lot, where their house was located), even though they allegedly knew that the proposed location was not within a valid right of way, id. ¶¶ 55-56.
On August 30, 2005, Boyne City held a Special Commissioners Meeting where Mayor Stackus and Commissioners Grunch, Adkison, and Douglas voted to proceed with the Bay Street reconstruction (as recommended by Jason and Cain). Jodway alleges that they knew that Capital's design would encroach on their property rights in three respects: (1) run-off and storm water, a "non-point" source of pollution, would be directed through Jodway's lakefront lots and discharged into the lake; (2) the grade and topography of Bay and Addis Streets would be changed to form a bowl to collect run-off and storm water diverted from Luyckx and Haire to the Jodway property; and (3) the proposed location of the water pipes and fire hydrant was outside a platted right of way and encroached on Jodway Lot 14. They rejected Commissioner Vondra's motion to give notice to Jodway before proceeding. Id. On September 2, 2005, City Public Works Director Jason notified all Bay Street residents except Jodway that the project would begin soon. Id. ¶¶ 57-58 and 62-63.
In September 2008, Jodway filed the original complaint in the Circuit Court of Charlevoix County, Michigan, and the Boyne City defendants jointly effected timely, proper removal to this court in October 2008. In December 2008 the plaintiffs filed their first amended complaint, and the defendants filed answers and affirmative defenses in December 2008 and January 2009.
The parties filed motions for summary judgment as follows:
February 9, 2009 Doc. 58 Capital Defendants Resolved Sept. 2009 March 17, 2009 Doc. 62 P's Opp & Cross-Motion Resolved Sept. 2009 April 28, 2009 Doc. 76 The Boyne Defendants' Motion for Partial SJ May 7, 2009 Doc. 79 The Haires' concurrence in Boyne Defs.' motion Jodway did not file opposition by the August 20, 2009 extended deadline, see Doc. 106. May 5, 2009 Doc. 78 TriCounty Defendants May 2009 Doc. 80 The Haires' concurrence in TriCounty motion May 2009 Doc. 81 Spence/ACE's concurrence in TriCounty motion August 20, 2009 Docs. 108-09 P's Opp & Cross-Motion Sept 2009 Doc. 110 TriCounty Defendants' Opp/Reply Brief May 13, 2009 Doc. 82 The Luyckxs May 2009 Doc. 85 The Haires' concurrence in Luyckxs' motion Jodway did not file opposition by the August 20, 2009 extended deadline, see Doc. 106. May 22, 2009 Doc. 87 Fifth Third Jodway did not file opposition by the August 20, 2009 extended deadline, see Doc. 106. May 26, 2009 Doc. 91 Spence/ACE Jodway did not file opposition by the August 20, 2009 extended deadline, see Doc. 106. July 30, 2009 Doc. 107 Gabos Jodway did not file opposition by the August 30, 2009 deadline, see FED.R.CIV.P. 6.
Nov. 13, 2009 Doc. 112 Gabos Motion for Entry of Judgment
Jodway did not file opposition by the December 13, 2009 deadline, ...