The opinion of the court was delivered by: R. Steven Whalen United States Magistrate Judge
District Judge John Corbett O'Meara
Magistrate Judge R. Steven Whalen
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING COSTS
Before the Court is Plaintiff's self-styled Motion for Relief From and Objection to 'Taxed Costs' Denying him Filing Fee Costs [Docket #92], along with his Exhibit [Docket #93]. This motion flows out of Plaintiff's previous submission of a bill of costs to the Clerk's Office [Docket #88], and the Clerk's Office denial of costs [Docket #90].*fn1
On February 17, 2010, the Court construed Plaintiff's motion for relief [Docket #92] as a motion for taxation of costs, and entered an order for Defendants to respond, stating:
"Given Plaintiff's pro se status, and the Court's duty to construe his pleadings liberally, see Martin v. Overton, 391 F.3d 710, 712 (6th Cir. 2004), citing Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21, 92 S.Ct. 594, 30 L.Ed.2d 652 (1972), the Court will construe his motion [Docket #92] not as a motion for reconsideration or a 'motion for relief' from a previous order, but as an original motion for taxation of costs."
For the reasons discussed below, I will GRANT Plaintiff's motion [Docket #92], and award costs associated with the filing fee for the Court of Appeals, in the amount of $455.00.
The procedural history of this case was set forth in the Sixth Circuit's Order of July 30, 2008, remanding to this Court [Docket #81]. On July 22, 2005, Plaintiff filed a civil rights complaint against the Warden of the Federal Correctional Institution at Milan, Michigan, and others. He alleged violations of his constitutional rights under the First, Fourth, Fifth, Eight, and Fourteenth Amendments, as well as violations of the federal Americans with Disabilities Act. On April 17, 2006, Magistrate Judge Steven D. Pepe issued a Report and Recommendation ("R&R"), finding that Plaintiff had not exhausted his administrative remedies against some (but not all) of the Defendants, and that therefore, under the then-extant "total exhaustion" rule of Jones-Bey v. Johnson, 407 F.3d 801 (6th Cir. 2005), the entire complaint was subject to dismissal. The District Judge adopted the R&R, and dismissed the case on June 1, 2006.
Plaintiff appealed to the Sixth Circuit. While the case was pending, the Supreme Court decided Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 127 S.Ct. 910, 166 L.Ed.2d 798 (2007), which overruled Jones-Bey and abrogated the total exhaustion rule. Accordingly, the Sixth Circuit in this case "conclude[d] that the district court's decision must be vacated and remanded."
Plaintiff then filed a bill of costs in the Sixth Circuit, in the amount of $455.00, the filing fee for the appeal. On October 22, 2008, the Sixth Circuit ordered "that the bill of costs is hereby REMANDED to the district court for consideration." Sixth Circuit Order, Docket #93. On February 11, 2009, Plaintiff filed a bill of costs in this Court [Docket #88]. As noted above, the Clerk's Office denied costs because there had been no court order. Plaintiff filed the present motion on March 3, 2009.
Under Fed.R.App.P. 39(a)(4), "if a judgment is affirmed in part, reversed in part, modified, or vacated, costs are taxed only as the court orders." In the present case, this Court's decision dismissing the complaint was vacated by the Sixth Circuit. Under Fed.R.App.P. 39(e)(4), "the fee for filing the notice of appeal" is taxable in the district court. Notwithstanding Defendants' argument to the contrary, there is nothing ambiguous about this rule, and the Sixth Circuit's order of October 22, 2008 makes clear that this Court is charged with deciding Plaintiff's request for taxation of costs.
As a general principle, a prevailing party is entitled to costs, including filing fees. See e.g. Fed.R.Civ.P. 54(d) ("costs shall be allowed as of course to the prevailing party unless the court otherwise directs..."). A request for costs is addressed to the Court's discretion. See White & White, Inc. v. Am. Hosp. Supply Corp., 786 F.2d 728, 730 (6th Cir.1986). In Texas State Teachers Assn. V. Garland Independent School ...