UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION
February 24, 2011
JOHN HETT PLAINTIFF,
BRYANT LAFAYETTE AND ASSOCIATES, LLC, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Paul D. Borman United States District Judge
ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR DEFAULT JUDGMENT
This is a Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA") case. Now before the Court is Plaintiff John Hett's Motion for Default Judgment (Dkt. No. 6). Defendant Bryant Lafayette and Associates has not filed a response. At a hearing on January 12, 2011, the Court heard testimony from Plaintiff regarding his claimed damages. Defendant failed to appear at this hearing. For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff's Motion will be granted.
Plaintiff filed this lawsuit on June 23, 2010. Defendant's registered agent was served with a Summons and Complaint by certified mail on June 27, 2010. (Certificate of Service, Dkt. No. 3). Defendant did not file an answer or any responsive pleading. On July 26, 2010, default was entered against Defendant by the Court Clerk. (Dkt. No. 5). Plaintiff filed the current Motion for Default Judgment on the same day.
Plaintiff's Complaint alleged that Defendant's agents called him and his wife multiple times regarding a consumer debt owed by the Plaintiff's sister in law, Pamela Hett. Plaintiff told Defendant's agents that Pamela Hett did not reside with Plaintiff and his wife, and that they had no location information to offer Defendant. However, Defendant's agents continued to call Plaintiff attempting to collect Pamela Hett's debt. (Compl. ¶¶ 7-10).
According to the Complaint,*fn1 Defendant violated the FDCPA by: (1) failing to identify itself as a collection agency; (2) failing to state that it was confirming the debtor's location information; (3) repeatedly contacting the Plaintiff and his wife after being advised that they had no information regarding the debtor; (4) communicating with the Plaintiff about Pamela Hett's debt without her permission; (5) repeatedly calling Plaintiff knowing that Plaintiff had no information about the debt; (6) repeatedly calling Plaintiff knowing that its calls were "belittling and demeaning" to the Plaintiff and his wife, and (7) threatening to contact the Plaintiff's home when it had no right to do so. (Compl. ¶¶ 20-21). In addition, Plaintiff has alleged intentional infliction of emotional distress.*fn2 (Compl. ¶¶23-26).
In his Motion for Default Judgment, Plaintiff requests $23,755 in damages, including statutory damages of $1,000, filing fees of $350 along with $20 for service of process, attorney's fees of $2,385, and $20,000 as damages for intentional infliction of emotional distress.
III. LEGAL STANDARD UNDER FED. R. CIV. P. 55(b)(2)
Where damages are for an uncertain amount, a party must apply to the Court for a default judgment. Entry of default judgment by the Court is governed by Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b)(2). The rule states that, in entering a default judgment:
[t]he court may conduct hearings or make referrals -- preserving any federal statutory right to a jury trial -- when, to enter or effectuate judgment, it needs to:
(A) conduct an accounting;
(B) determine the amount of damages;
(C) establish the truth of any allegation by evidence; or
(D) investigate any other matter. "This provision, by its terms, allows but does not require the district court to conduct an evidentiary hearing." Vesligaj v. Peterson, 331 F. App'x. 351, 354-55 (6th Cir. 2009) (citing Fustok v. Conticommodity Services, Inc., 873 F.2d 38, 40 (2nd Cir. 1989).
A. Statutory Damages
If a debt collector is found to violate the FDCPA, a court may award "any actual damage sustained by such person as a result of such failure" and "in the case of any action by an individual, such additional damages as the court may allow, but not exceeding $1,000 ..." 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(1) & (a)(2)(A). This award is subject to § 1692k(b), which states:
Factors considered by court. In determining the amount of liability in any action under subsection (a), the court shall consider, among other relevant factors--
(1) in any individual action under subsection (a)(2)(A), the frequency and persistence of noncompliance by the debt collector, the nature of such noncompliance, and the extent to which such noncompliance was intentional ...
Plaintiff requests the $1,000 statutory limit as damages, stating that Defendant repeatedly failed "to accord its action in compliance with the [FDCPA]," and that "Defendant's actions were egregious." (Def.'s Br. at 12). However, Plaintiff has not submitted any phone records, affidavits, letters to or from Defendant, or any other evidence of Defendant's allegedly "egregious" behavior. Instead, Plaintiff relies solely on the fact that a default has been entered against Defendant, and asserts that every allegation in the Complaint must now be taken as true. To the contrary, "[w]here damages are unliquidated a default admits only defendant's liability and the amount of damages must be proved." Antoine v. Atlas Turner, Inc. 66 F.3d 105, 110-11 (6th Cir. 1995) (quoting Fehlhaber v. Fehlhaber, 681 F.2d 1015, 1026 (5th Cir. 1982)). See also Kelley v. Carr, 567 F. Supp. 831, 841 (W.D. Mich. 1983) ("A default judgment on well-pleaded allegations establishes only defendant's liability; plaintiff must still establish the extent of damages"). Plaintiff's testimony given at the January 12, 2011 hearing establishes frequency and persistence of noncompliance by the debt collector. The Court will grant Plaintiff's request for $1,000 statutory damages.
B. Filing and Attorney's Fees
Under 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(3), a successful plaintiff is entitled to "the costs of the action" and "a reasonable attorney's fee as determined by the court." To calculate a "reasonable attorney's fee," the Court must first determine "a reasonable hourly rate" for the work performed and "the number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation." Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433, 103 S.Ct. 1933, 1939 (1983). The Court "has broad discretion to determine what constitutes a reasonable hourly rate for an attorney." Wayne v. Vill. of Sebring, 36 F.3d 517, 533 (6th Cir. 1994). The Court may consider various factors in making its calculation, including "[t]he reasonable hourly rate in the community[,] ... the attorney's actual billing rate and fee awards from prior cases[, and] a court may determine a reasonable rate based on its own expertise and judgment." Wells v. Corporate Accounts Receivable, 683 F. Supp. 2d 600, 602 (W.D. Mich. 2010) (quoting Streamline Packaging Sys., Inc. v. Vinton Packaging Group, Inc., No. 1:06-cv-701, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5523, *2 (W.D. Mich. Jan. 25, 2008)). See also Adcock-Ladd v. Secretary of Treasury, 227 F.3d 343, 350 (6th Cir. 2000) (defining "prevailing market rate" as "that rate which lawyers of comparable skill and experience can reasonably expect to command within the venue of the court of record ...").
Plaintiff requests attorney's fees of $2,385, filing fees of $350, and $20 for service of process. In support of this claim, Plaintiff's counsel has submitted an affidavit stating that his ordinary hourly rate is $265, that he incurred nine hours of professional time in this matter, and that he has advanced the filing and service of process fees. However, the Court does not have sufficient evidence to substantiate Plaintiff's claim based solely on the affidavit submitted by his counsel.*fn3 To adequately and accurately calculate the fees Plaintiff's counsel is entitled to, the Court should review counsel's billing statements. Plaintiff's counsel is directed to submit billing statements so that the Court can calculate the appropriate amount of attorney's fees under § 1692k.
C. Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress ("IIED") Damages
Plaintiff also requests damages for IIED. Although there is no Sixth Circuit authority on this issue, courts in this Circuit generally allow recovery for emotional distress damages under the FDCPA. Davis v. Creditors Interchange Receivable Mgmt., LLC, 585 F. Supp. 2d. 968, 971 (N.D. Ohio 2008). These damages are included within actual damages allowable under § 1692k(a)(1), which was intended to include "damages for personal humiliation, embarrassment, mental anguish, or emotional distress . . ." Id. (quoting Staff Commentary on the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 53 Fed. Reg. 50097, 50109 (Dec. 13, 1988) (Section 813 - Civil Liability). However, as noted above, the Court must have evidence to consider before deciding the appropriate amount of damages.
Plaintiff requests $20,000*fn4 as compensation for the mental distress caused by Defendant's "telephonic tirade," which took place while the Plaintiff's wife was recovering from major surgery. (Pl.'s Br. at 12). As noted above, while the Defendant's liability has been established, Plaintiff's damages remain a question of fact. Antoine, 66 F.3d at 110-11. Plaintiff has not presented any medical records, telephone records, witness affidavits, or other evidence to substantiate his claimed damages. Instead he relies solely on his testimony at the January 12, 2011 hearing. Accordingly, the Court will award $2,000 for Plaintiff's IIED claim.
For the reasons stated above, the Court will:
(1) GRANT Plaintiff's Motion for Default Judgment; and
(2) ORDER Plaintiff's counsel to submit a Bill of Costs within 21 days of this Order so that the Court can make a proper determination of his attorney's fees.
PAUL D. BORMAN UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
Copies of this Order were served on the attorneys of record by electronic means or U.S. Mail on February 24, 2011.
S/Denise Goodine Case Manager