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United States of America v. Terry Lee Flenory

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION


September 27, 2011

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
TERRY LEE FLENORY,
DEFENDANT-PETITIONER.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Avern Cohn

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER DENYING MOTION TO VACATE SENTENCE UNDER 28 U.S.C. §2255 AND DECLINING TO ISSUE A CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY

I. Introduction

This is a pro se motion to vacate sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Petitioner, Terry Lee Flenory, contends that the 360 month sentence imposed on him following his guilty plea to continuing criminal enterprise, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 848, and conspiracy to launder money instructions, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1956(h), was in violation of his constitutional rights. Specifically, Flenory contends that he was deprived of his Sixth Amendment right to counsel at the trial and appellate level and that the Supreme Court's decision in United States v. Santos, 128 S.Ct. 2020 (2008), holding that "proceeds" as used in the money laundering statute means "net profits" rather than "receipts" of an illegal enterprise, entitles him to relief.*fn1 For the reasons that follow, the motion will be denied.

II. Background

In 2005, Flenory was named in nine counts of a ten-count indictment for his role in a large cocaine distribution ring. Ultimately, Flenory pleaded guilty under a written Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(C) plea agreement to two counts, noted above. The plea agreement specified a guidelines range of 360 months to life. A probation officer prepared a presentence report, recommending a 360 month sentence, to which Flenory filed no objections. Flenory's trial counsel did, however, file a sentencing memorandum, urging a sentence below the guidelines range. Following a sentencing hearing, the Court sentenced Flenory to a cumulative term of 360 months of custody, to be followed by five years of supervised release. Flenory filed a timely notice of appeal. On appeal, Flenory's appellate counsel argued that his plea was not in compliance with Rule 11.*fn2

Flenory presented a pro se argument, contending that the decision in Santos regarding the money laundering statute warrants relief. The Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit affirmed Flenory's conviction and sentence because (1) Flenory waived his right to appeal and (2) an independent review of the record reflected no basis for appeal. United States v. Flenory, 08-2230 (6th Cir. June 17, 2009). The Supreme Court denied certiorari, Flenory v. United States, 130 S.Ct. 1928 (Mar. 22, 2010). Flenory then filed the instant motion under § 2255.

III. Section 28 U.S.C. § 2255

Title 28 U.S.C. § 2255 provides:

A prisoner in custody under sentence of a court established by Act of Congress claiming the right to be released upon the ground that the sentence was imposed in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States. . .or that the sentence was in excess of the maximum authorized by law, or is otherwise subject to collateral attack, may move the court which imposed the sentence to vacate, set aside or correct the sentence."

To prevail under § 2255, petitioner must show a "fundamental defect which inherently results in a complete miscarriage of justice." United States v. Timmreck, 441 U.S. 780, 783 (1979) (quoting, Hill v. United States, 368 U.S. 424, 428 (1962)). "A § 2255 motion may not be used to relitigate an issue that was raised on appeal absent highly exceptional circumstances." DuPont v. United States, 76 F.3d 108, 110 (6th Cir. 1996) (citations omitted)).

IV. Ineffective Assistance of Counsel

A.

In order to succeed on a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel, Flenory must show (1) that his counsel's performance was constitutionally deficient in that the performance "fell below an objective standard of reasonableness under prevailing professional norms" and (2) that he was prejudiced by his counsel's errors. Magana v. Hofbauer, 263 F.3d 542, 547 (6th Cir. 2001) (citing Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687-88 (1984)). In order to establish prejudice, Flenory must demonstrate that "there is a reasonable probability that, but for counsel's unprofessional errors, the result of the proceeding would have been different." Strickland, 466 U.S. at 694. "The Strickland analysis also applies to claims of ineffective assistance of counsel involving counsel's advice offered during the plea process." Magana, 263 F.3d at 547 (quoting, Hill v. Lockhart, 474 U.S. 52, 58 (1985)).

B.

Flenory says his trial counsel was ineffective because he misinformed him about whether a four-level leadership was included in the offense of continuing criminal enterprise. This allegation lacks merit. Flenory has not provided any facts to support his claim that he was misinformed. Moreover, Flenory agreed to the guidelines calculations at the time of his plea and made no objections to them at the time of sentencing. He also does not allege that the guidelines were improperly calculated, nor does he even say that he would not have pleaded guilty had he not been misinformed. Rather, Flenory's unsupported assertion that trial counsel "misinformed" him of a four level leadership role included in the offense fails to establish any error by his counsel, much less an error of Constitutional dimensions.

Flenory's claim of ineffective assistance of appellate counsel also fails. Flenory alleges that appellate counsel should have made an argument that "[w]hen Mistretta*fn3 was decided the Guidelines were lock-step and predictable which alleviated the argument of whether it was an unconstitutional delegation of authority." Not only is the statement confusing, he cites to no authority to support his allegation. Nothing in his reply brief illuminates this claim. As such, he has not demonstrated that this alleged failure of appellate counsel would have made any difference to the outcome in this case.

Overall, Flenory has failed to meet the Strickland standard. As the Sixth Circuit held, "defendant's plea and convictions are proper," and "no sentencing error affected Flenory's substantial rights of fairness, integrity, or public reputation of the proceedings." United States v. Flenory, No. 08-2230, slip op. at. 2, 4. Flenory is not entitled to relief on his ineffective assistance of counsel claims.

V. Santos

Flenory also says he is entitled to relief based on Santos, relating to the meaning of "proceeds" under the money laundering statute. Flenory raised this issue on appeal. The Sixth Circuit rejected it, stating it was "without factual basis, and is waived." Id. at p. 4. He cannot relitigate the issue under § 2255 and offers no exceptional circumstances which would allow him to relitigate the issue. Moreover, Flenory agreed to the guidelines range in the Rule 11 agreement and does not attempt to explain how Santos affected his guidelines range.

VI. Conclusion

Flenory was represented by competent counsel. The 360 month sentence imposed on him was within the agreed upon guidelines range and imposed without error, as the Sixth Circuit ruled. Flenory has not demonstrated that he is entitled to relief under § 2255. The motion is DENIED.

Furthermore, reasonable jurists would not debate the Court's assessment of Flenory's claims, nor conclude that the issues deserve encouragement to proceed further. The Court therefore DECLINES to grant a certificate of appealability under 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2).*fn4 See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000).

SO ORDERED.

AVERN COHN UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to Terry Lee Flenory, 32454044, Pollock, U.S. Penitentiary, Inmate Mail/Parcels, P.O. BOX 4050, Pollock, LA 71467 and the attorneys of record on this date, September 27, 2011, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.

S/Julie Owens Case Manager, (313) 234-5160


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