October 10, 2014
BETTY WILLIAMS, Plaintiff-Appellee,
PIONEER STATE MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY, Defendant-Appellant
COA: 311008. Genesee CC: 11-096948-NF.
Robert P. Young, Jr., Chief Justice. Michael F. Cavanagh, Stephen J. Markman, Mary Beth Kelly, Brian K. Zahra, Bridget M. McCormack, David F. Viviano, Justices. CAVANAGH, J., would deny leave to appeal.
On order of the Court, the application for leave to appeal the February 6, 2014 judgment of the Court of Appeals is considered and, pursuant to MCR 7.302(H)(1),
in lieu of granting leave to appeal, we REVERSE the judgment of the Court of Appeals and REINSTATE the June 7, 2012 order of the Genesee Circuit Court granting defendant summary disposition under MCR 2.116(C)(10).
Plaintiff in this case was getting into her car when a tree branch fell from above, hitting her on the head. The litigation that has ensued over plaintiff's entitlement to personal protection insurance benefits from her no-fault automobile insurer centers on whether plaintiff's injuries had " a causal relationship to the motor vehicle that is more than incidental, fortuitous, or but for." Putkamer v Transamerica Ins Corp of America, 454 Mich. 626, 635; 563 N.W.2d 683 (1997). In Putkamer, this Court held that a plaintiff seeking coverage for injuries relating to a parked vehicle under MCL 500.3106(1) (as plaintiff is in this case) must establish three elements:
[The plaintiff] must demonstrate that (1) his [or her] conduct fits one of the three exceptions of [MCL 500.3106(1)]; (2) the injury arose out of the ownership, operation, maintenance, or use of the parked motor vehicle as a motor vehicle; and (3) the injury had a causal relationship to the parked motor vehicle that is more than incidental, fortuitous, or but for. [Id. at 635-636.]
We hold that the Court of Appeals clearly erred by holding that defendant was not entitled to judgment as a matter of law under the third Putkamer element. Unlike the undisputed facts of Putkamer, in which " [t]he act of shifting the weight onto one leg created the precarious condition that precipitated the slip and fall on the ice," id. at 636, there is no evidence in this case that plaintiff's act of opening her car door caused the tree branch to fall--it would have fallen whether plaintiff was entering her car or not. Therefore, as the dissenting judge below stated, " If there is any causal relationship between plaintiff's injury and the parked car, the relationship is surely incidental. An incidental or unfortunate causal relationship does not create a question of fact within the Putkamer requirements." Williams v Pioneer State Mut Ins Co, unpublished opinion per curiam
of the Court of Appeals, issued February 6, 2014 (Docket No. 311008) (O'CONNELL, J., dissenting). Without [497 Mich. 876] evidence of a sufficient causal connection between plaintiff's injury and her use of the parked motor vehicle as a motor vehicle, defendant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.
Cavanagh, J., would deny leave to appeal.