United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division
OPINION AND ORDER (1) DENYING PLAINTIFF'S OBJECTION (ECF NO. 12); (2) ADOPTING MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION (ECF NO. 11); (3) DENYING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT (ECF NO. 9); AND (4) GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT (ECF NO. 10)
PAUL D. BORMAN, District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Walter John Rutka, III's ("Plaintiff") Objection to Magistrate Judge Charles E. Binder's June 26, 2014 Report and Recommendation. (ECF No. 12, Objection). Having conducted a de novo review of the parts of the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation to which objections have been filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), the Court denies Plaintiff's Objections, adopts the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation, denies Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment, grants Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment, and affirms the findings of the Commissioner.
The Administrative Law Judge's ("ALJ") findings and the pertinent portions of the Administrative Record are accurately and adequately set forth in the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation and the Court adopts them here. (ECF No. 11, Report and Recommendation at 1-4). Briefly, the Plaintiff protectively filed for disability insurance benefits ("DIB") and Supplemental Security Income ("SSI") on May 13, 2010, alleging a disability onset date of June 1, 2006. (Tr. 10, 162-72). Plaintiff's application was denied on October 19, 2010 and he requested a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ"). (Tr. 10). The hearing was held on November 21, 2011, before ALJ Patricia S. McKay; Plaintiff was represented by counsel and a Vocational Expert ("VE") testified at the hearing. (Tr. 24-71).
On January 26, 2012, the ALJ issued a written decision finding that Plaintiff was not disabled. (Tr. 7-19). The ALJ concluded in her decision that Plaintiff suffered from the severe impairment of "a history of bipolar disorder". (Tr. 13). While noting that Plaintiff testified that he "no longer has a need for medication" and that he no longer has "stress or sleep-related problems" the ALJ also found that Plaintiff's "bipolar disorder more than minimally affect[ed] his ability to perform basic work activities." (Tr. 13). Accordingly, the ALJ accommodated Plaintiff's "mental impairment by limiting him to no more than occasional contact with co-workers and the general public, whereby he controls the pace of the work, which is simple, routine, and repetitive in nature." ( Id. ). The ALJ then concluded that the Plaintiff did not have an impairment or combination of impairments that met or medically equaled the severity of one of the listed impairments. (Tr. 13-14). In light of the entire record, and specifically incorporating the limitations to accommodate his mental impairment, the ALJ determined that the Plaintiff had the residual functioning capacity ("RFC") to perform "a full range of work at all exertional levels but with the following nonexertional limitations: only occasional contact with co-workers and the general public, whereby the claimant is allowed to control the pace of the work; and the work is simple, routine, repetitive in nature." (Tr. 14-17). The ALJ also found that Plaintiff was unable to perform any of his past relevant work, but that a significant number of jobs existed in the national economy that Plaintiff was capable of performing, namely inspector and janitor/cleaner positions. Therefore, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff was not disabled. (Tr. 18).
Plaintiff appealed the ALJ's decision. On April 2, 2013, the Appeals Council denied his request for review, and the ALJ's decision became the agency's final decision. (Tr. 1-4).
Thereafter, on May 30, 2013, Plaintiff filed his complaint in this Court seeking judicial review of the Defendant Commissioner's decision. (ECF No. 1). The parties filed cross motions for summary judgment which were ultimately referred for decision to Magistrate Judge Binder. (ECF Nos. 9 & 10). On June 26, 2014, the Magistrate Judge issued a Report and Recommendation which recommended denying Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment and granting Defendant's motion for summary judgment. (ECF No. 11). The Magistrate Judge found that there was substantial evidence in the record to support the ALJ's finding that Plaintiff remains capable of performing a significant number of jobs in the economy. (ECF No. 11). Thereafter, Plaintiff filed her Objection to the Report and Recommendation. (ECF No. 12).
II. STANDARD OF REVIEW
Where a party has objected to portions of a Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation, the Court conducts a de novo review of those portions. FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b); Lyons v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 351 F.Supp.2d 659, 661 (E.D. Mich. 2004). In reviewing the findings of the ALJ, the Court is limited to determining whether those findings are supported by substantial evidence and made pursuant to proper legal standards. See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) ("The findings of the Commissioner of Social Security as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive..."); Rogers v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 241 (6th Cir. 2007). Substantial evidence is "such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.'" Kyle v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 609 F.3d 847, 854 (6th Cir. 2010) (quoting Lindsley v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 560 F.3d 601, 604 (6th Cir. 2009)); see also McGlothin v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 299 F.Appx. 516, 522 (6th Cir. 2008) (recognizing that substantial evidence is "more than a scintilla of evidence but less than a preponderance; it is such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.") (internal quotations omitted). "If the Commissioner's decision is supported by substantial evidence, we must defer to that decision, even if there is substantial evidence in the record that would have supported an opposite conclusion.'" Colvin v. Barnhart, 475 F.3d 727, 730 (6th Cir. 2007) (quoting Longworth v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec. Admin., 402 F.3d 591, 595 (6th Cir. 2005)). "It is of course for the ALJ, and not the reviewing court, to evaluate the credibility of witnesses, including that of the claimant." Rogers, 486 F.3d at 247.
Plaintiff agrees that the Magistrate Judge correctly summarized his argument by stating:
Plaintiff maintains that he was delusional at the time of the hearing, which the ALJ should have recognized, and that he should have been found not credible. He believes that the ALJ should have then awarded him benefits, despite his testimony suggesting that he could perform a limited range of work. It is not as though the ALJ ignored the possibility that Plaintiff had some delusions. The ALJ found that "[w]hile the claimant may, or may not, embellish or fabricate past accomplishments, the record indicates the claimant functions quite well and is independent in all aspects of his daily living". (TR 16). Plaintiff does not identify any evidence that undermines the ALJ's finding.
(ECF No. 11, at 5 n.1) (emphasis in original). However, Plaintiff objects to the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation on the sole basis that the Magistrate Judge erred in failing to consider the multiple examples of Plaintiff's mental illness as evidenced in his testimony and that the ALJ's finding that Plaintiff "functions quite well and is ...