United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division
February 24, 2015
KENNETH UNCAPHER, Petitioner,
MARY BERGHUIS, Respondent.
OPINION AND ORDER TRANSFERRING CASE TO THE COURT OF APPEALS PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A)
JOHN CORBETT O'MEARA, District Judge.
Kenneth Uncapher, ("Petitioner"), confined at the Richard A. Handlon Correctional Facility in Ionia, Michigan, seeks the issuance of a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. In his pro se application, petitioner challenges his conviction for one count of first-degree murder, M.C.L.A. 750.316; and one count of second-degree murder, M.C.L.A. 750.317. Because the Court concludes that the present petition constitutes a "second or successive petition" within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3), the Court will transfer the matter to the Court of Appeals so that petitioner may seek permission to proceed.
Petitioner was convicted in 2002 of one count of first-degree murder and one count of second-degree murder following a jury trial in the Wayne County Circuit Court. Petitioner's conviction was affirmed on appeal. People v. Uncapher, No. 246222, 2004 WL 790329 (Mich. Ct. App. Apr. 13, 2004); lv. den. 471 Mich. 901; 688 N.W.2d 89 (2004); cert. den. sub. nom Uncapher v. Michigan, 544 U.S. 930 (2005). Petitioner then filed a post-conviction motion for relief from judgment, which was denied by the trial court. People v. Uncapher , No. 01-014257-01 (Wayne Cnty. 3rd Cir. Ct. Crim. Div. April 10, 2007). The Michigan appellate courts denied petitioner leave to appeal. People v. Uncapher , No. 281084 (Mich.Ct.App. December 19, 2007); lv. den. 482 Mich. 892, 753 N.W.2d 151 (2008).
On February 8, 2008, petitioner, through counsel Michael F. Skinner, filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus, which was filed under the above case number and assigned to this Court. In his habeas application, petitioner sought relief on claims that he had raised either on his direct appeal or in his post-conviction motion with the state courts. (Dkt. # 1). This Court ordered the respondent to file an answer by August 18, 2008. (Dkt. # 2).
While this petition was pending in this Court, petitioner filed a pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus in the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan, in which he also challenged his 2002 convictions for first and second-degree murder out of the Wayne County Circuit Court. The petition was summarily denied pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases. The court also denied petitioner a certificate of appealability. See Uncapher v. Michigan, No. 1:08-CV-457, 2008 WL 2945951 (W.D. Mich. July 28, 2008)(adopting Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge).
Respondent filed an answer to the petition in this case on August 18, 2008. (Dkt. # 5).
On November 16, 2009, petitioner moved for a stay of the proceedings so he could return to the state courts to file a second motion for relief from judgment based on newly discovered evidence. On November 24, 2009, petitioner's attorney moved to withdraw as counsel. On December 10, 2009, this Court granted the motion to stay the proceedings, granted the motion to withdraw as counsel, and administratively closed the case. (Dkt. # 15).
Petitioner returned to the state courts and filed a second motion for relief from judgment, which the trial court denied. People v. Uncapher , No. 01-014257-01 (Wayne Cnty. 3rd Cir. Ct. Crim. Div. Jan. 13, 2011). The Michigan appellate courts denied petitioner leave to appeal. No. 304009 (Mich.Ct.App. Aug. 16, 2011); lv. den. 490 Mich. 972, 806 N.W.2d 521 (2011).
On January 23, 2012, petitioner filed a motion to lift the stay of proceedings and a motion to amend or correct the habeas petition. (Dkt. # 24). On February 25, 2012, this Court granted the motion to lift the stay and the motion to amend the habeas petition. The Court ordered respondent to file an answer to the amended petition. (Dkt. # 25). On April 3, 2012, respondent filed an answer to the amended habeas petition. (Dkt. # 29).
The Court transfers the case to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit because petitioner's current habeas petition, as discussed below, amounts to a second or successive habeas petition.
An individual seeking to file a second or successive habeas petition must first ask the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the petition. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A); Stewart v. Martinez-Villareal, 523 U.S. 637, 641 (1998). Congress has vested in the court of appeals a screening function that the district court would have performed otherwise. Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 664 (1996). Under the provisions of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA), a federal district court does not have jurisdiction to entertain a successive post-conviction motion or petition for writ of habeas corpus in the absence of an order from the court of appeals authorizing the filing of such a successive motion or petition. See Hervey v. United States, 105 F.Supp.2d 731, 735 (E.D. Mich. 2000)(citing Ferrazza v. Tessmer, 36 F.Supp.2d 965, 971 (E.D. Mich. 1999)). Unless the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals has given its approval for the filing of a second or successive petition, a district court in the Sixth Circuit must transfer the petition to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals no matter how meritorious the district court believes the claim to be. Id. at 735-36; See also In Re Sims, 111 F.3d 45, 47 (6th Cir. 1997). This requirement transfers to the court of appeals a screening function which the district court previously would have performed. Felker v. Turpin, 518 U.S. 651, 664 (1996).
Petitioner has previously filed a habeas petition challenging his 2002 murder convictions, which was denied on the merits by the Western District of Michigan. Although petitioner filed a petition in this case prior to filing his petition in the Western District, petitioner's original habeas petition that was filed in Case # 5:08-CV-10583 in 2008 would not count as his "first petition, " for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A), because petitioner superseded this initial habeas petition when he filed his amended habeas petition with this Court in 2012. See Calhoun v. Bergh, 769 F.3d 409, 411 (6th Cir. 2014); petition for cert filed, No. 14-7246 (U.S. Nov. 7, 2014). "An amended complaint supersedes an earlier complaint for all purposes." Id., at 410 (quoting In re Refrigerant Compressors Antitrust Litigation, 731 F.3d 586, 589 (6th Cir. 2013)). This rule applies to habeas cases. Id. The only petition pending before this Court now is petitioner's amended habeas petition that was filed in 2012. Id., at 410-11. Because the Western District of Michigan adjudicated petitioner's habeas petition on the merits prior to the filing of the amended habeas petition in this case, petitioner's current amended habeas petition is a second or successive petition that would require authorization from the Sixth Circuit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A).
Petitioner has previously filed a habeas petition with the federal courts. Although petitioner would not have been required to obtain a certificate of authorization following the dismissal of his petition if it had been dismissed without prejudice on exhaustion grounds, See Harris v. Stovall, 22 F.Supp.2d 659, 664 (E.D. Mich. 1998), petitioner's habeas petition in the Western District of Michigan was dismissed on the merits.
Petitioner's current habeas petition is a second or successive petition for a writ of habeas corpus and he is therefore required to obtain a certificate of authorization. Although neither party raised the issue of this being a second or successive petition, it is appropriate for this Court to consider the issue sua sponte because subject matter jurisdiction goes to the power of the courts to render decisions under Article III of the Constitution. See Williams v. Stegall, 945 F.Supp. 145, 146 (E.D. Mich. 1996).
Petitioner has not obtained the appellate authorization to file a subsequent petition as required by 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). Accordingly, the Court ORDERS the Clerk of the Court to transfer this case to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1631 and In Re Sims, 111 F.3d 45, 47 (6th Cir. 1997).