United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division
June 16, 2015
TODD MATTOX, Plaintiff,
ADAM EDELMAN and ADRIANNE NEFF, Defendant.
Honorable Laurie J. Michelson Judge
ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART PLAINTIFF’S MOTIONS FOR EXTENSION OF TIME [R. 118, 120]
ELIZABETH A. STAFFORD UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Defendant William Borgerding has filed a motion for summary judgment, and Defendant Corizon Health, Inc. has moved to dismiss. [R. 114; R. 117]. Todd Mattox, a prisoner proceeding pro se, moves for an extension of time to respond to both motions, arguing that he has not yet had an opportunity to engage in discovery that he claims is necessary to properly respond. For the following reasons, the Court GRANTS IN PART AND DENIES IN PART Mattox’s motions [R. 118, 120].
Corizon’s motion to dismiss is filed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), and it claims that Mattox failed to exhaust his remedies and to state a plausible claim for relief. No discovery is necessary to respond to these claims. “The very purpose of Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6) is to enable defendants to challenge the legal sufficiency of complaints without subjecting themselves to discovery.” Yuhasz v. Brush Wellman, Inc., 341 F.3d 559, 566 (6th Cir. 2003) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). Furthermore, Mattox does not allege that he needs additional discovery to rebut Corizon’s failure-to-exhaust claim, and he attached the relevant grievances to his amended complaint. [See R. 120, PgID 2396-98; R. 74-1, PgID 1786-1821]. Therefore, his motion for an extension of time to respond to Corizon’s motion to dismiss for purposes of engaging in discovery is denied.
Borgerding moves for summary judgment under Federal Rule of Civi Procedure 56, claiming that Mattox failed to exhaust his remedies against Borgerding, that no constitutional violation occurred, and that Borgerding is entitled to qualified immunity based on the lack of a cognizable constitutional violation. While a motion for summary judgment is generally filed after the completion of some discovery, the opposite is true when qualified immunity is invoked. “[U]ntil [the] threshold immunity question is resolved, discovery should not be allowed.” Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800, 818 (1982). To the extent that Mattox needs more discovery to address the question of qualified immunity, he must respond to the motion with a Rule 56(d) affidavit that details that need. Wallin v. Norman, 317 F.3d 558, 562-64 (6th Cir. 2003). Thus, to the extent Mattox’s motions for extension of time are premised upon the need for additional discovery, they [R. 118, 120] are DENIED IN PART.
However, given that Mattox also claims a lack of library access and a learning disability as reasons he requires additional time, the Court finds that good cause exists under Rule 6(b) to extend his time to respond, and his motions [R. 118, 120] are GRANTED IN PART to this extent. Mattox will be afforded an extra 30 days to respond to both motions. Therefore, Mattox’s responses to Corizon’s and Borgerding’s motions are due ON OR BEFORE July 14, 2015. Defendants’ replies are due ON OR BEFORE July 31, 2015.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
NOTICE TO THE PARTIES REGARDING OBJECTIONS
The parties’ attention is drawn to Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(a), which provides a period of fourteen (14) days from the date of receipt of a copy of this order within which to file objections for consideration by the district judge under 28 U.S.C. §636(b)(1).