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United States v. Ocampo

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Northern Division

November 18, 2016

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
ROBERT JAMES OCAMPO, Defendant.

          ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION, DENYING MOTION TO CORRECT CLERICAL ERROR, DENYING MOTION FOR RELIEF FROM JUDGMENT, DENYING MOTION FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL, AND DENYING MOTION FOR AN EXTENSION

          HONORABLE THOMAS L. LUDINGTON UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Defendant Robert James Ocampo is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se. After a jury convicted him of seven counts in 2007, Ocampo began a lengthy and tortuous appeals process. Most recently, on October 13, 2015 Defendant Robert James Ocampo filed a pro se motion for retroactive application of the sentencing guidelines to his drug offense under 18 U.S.C. § 3582. On November 18, 2015 he filed a second motion for retroactive application through counsel. See ECF Nos. 573, 593. At a hearing held on October 18, 2016, Ocampo's motions were granted and he was resentenced. See ECF No. 614.

         In response, on October 24, 2016 Ocampo filed a pro se ex parte motion for reconsideration, seeking a lower sentence. See ECF No. 617. Because Ocampo already received the benefit of a two-point reduction, and because resentencing was within this Court's discretion, Ocampo's motion for reconsideration will be denied. His additional pending motions will also be addressed. See ECF Nos. 592, 622, 624, 626.

         On November 20, 2007, a jury convicted Robert James Ocampo of (1) conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute at least five kilograms of cocaine and at least 100 kilograms of marijuana in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841, 846 and 860; (2) maintenance of a residence within 1, 000 feet of a school for the purpose of distributing cocaine and marijuana in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 856(a)(1) and 860; (3) distribution of less than fifty kilograms of marijuana in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1); (4) possession with intent to distribute less than fifty kilograms of marijuana in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1); (5) being a felon in possession of a firearm in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1); (6) possession of a firearm by an unlawful user of any controlled substance in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(3); and (7) possession of a firearm during a drug trafficking crime in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 924(c).

         Ocampo was sentenced to serve a total of 420 months of imprisonment. Specifically, he was sentenced to 360 months in custody based on Counts 1, 2, 5, and 6, to be served concurrently with a 60 month sentence based on Counts 3, and 4, to be served consecutively with a 60 month sentence based on Count 7. See ECF No. 223. His sentence was to be followed by a total of five years of supervised release, and ordered to pay a fine in the amount of $20, 000. Id. The Sixth Circuit affirmed Ocampo's conviction and sentences. United States v. Ocampo, 402 F.App'x 90 (6th Cir. 2010). The United States Supreme Court denied certiorari.

         A.

         In 2012, Ocampo filed a motion to vacate sentence. Ocampo's motion, as amended, raised seven grounds for relief. On January 28, 2013, upon the recommendation of a magistrate judge and over the parties' objections, Ocampo's motion to vacate sentence was granted in part and denied in part, and he was denied a certificate of appealability. ECF No. 459. Judgment was entered in January 2013. ECF No. 460.

         Because the Court's judgment partially granted Ocampo's motion, it resulted in the vacation of his conviction for Count 6 (possession of a firearm by an unlawful user of any controlled substance). An amended judgment of conviction and sentence reflecting the change was entered, but it did not affect his overall sentence of imprisonment. ECF No. 461. The Sixth Circuit denied a certificate of appealability. Ocampo v. United States, Nos. 13-1196/1278/1353 (6th Cir. Sept. 6, 2013) (unpublished). On October 22, 2013, the Sixth Circuit then denied Ocampo's motion for authorization to file a second or successive habeas petition under 28 U.S.C. §2255. ECF No. 497.

         In January 2014, Ocampo filed another motion to vacate sentence, raising two grounds for relief. ECF No. 502. The Court determined that Ocampo's motion was a second or successive petition, and transferred it to the Sixth Circuit because Ocampo had not obtained prior authorization from the Sixth Circuit to proceed. ECF No. 507. The Sixth Circuit again denied authorization to file a second or successive motion to vacate sentence. In re Ocampo, No. 14-1144 (6th Cir. Nov. 3, 2014) (unpublished). Ocampo then filed numerous motions for relief from judgment, all of which have been denied. Ocampo also filed numerous motions challenging alleged errors in his presentence report ("PSR), which were denied. See ECF No. 575.

         II.

         On October 13, 2015 Defendant Ocampo filed a pro se motion for retroactive application of the sentencing guidelines to his drug offense under 18 U.S.C. § 3582. On November 18, 2015 Attorney Joan Morgan from the federal defender's office entered an appearance on Ocampo's behalf. See ECF No. 573. Attorney Morgan then filed a second motion for retroactive application pursuant to § 3582. See ECF No. 593. While the Government conceded that Ocampo was eligible for resentencing, it argued that the Court should exercise its discretion to deny resentencing. See ECF No. 594. A motion hearing was accordingly scheduled. See ECF No. 599.

         At the hearing, held on October 18, 2016 the Court granted the motions for retroactive application, and reduced Ocampo's 360 month sentence as based on Counts 1, 2, and 5 of the fourth superseding indictment to 340 months. See ECF No. 614. This effectively reduced Ocampo's overall sentence to 400 months.

         Unsatisfied with this reduction, on October 24, 2016 Ocampo filed a motion for reconsideration. See ECF No. 617. Through that motion, Ocampo argues that he should be provided with "the full benefit of the 2 point reduction sought ...." Id. He further argues that the Government mischaracterized his criminal history, his level of remorse, and his ongoing litigation. Id. In support of the motion Ocampo has attached an affidavit in which he sets forth numerous trial issues relating to the alleged ineffectiveness of his trial counsel, issues with plea negotiations, and objections to and alleged errors in his PSR and sentence.

         Ocampo's argument that he was not provided with the full benefit of the two-point reduction under § 3582(c)(2) is without merit. Ocampo's motions for retroactive application were granted, and his sentencing guidelines were recalculated in accordance with the retroactive application of 28 U.S.C. § 994(u) and U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10. At the time of his original sentence, his guideline range for his conviction on Counts 1, 2, 4, and 5 was 360 months to life imprisonment, with a 15 year mandatory minimum sentence applicable to Count 5. As a result of the two-point reduction, his guideline range as to Counts 1, 2, 3, and ...


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