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Juide v. Michigan Department of Corrections

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division

December 13, 2016

MACK JUIDE, Plaintiff

          Gerald Rosen, District Judge



         This matter is before the Court for consideration of Plaintiff Mack Juide's motion for appointment of counsel. (DE 3.) For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff's motion is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.

         I. BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff, a state prisoner who is proceeding in forma pauperis, brings this lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against various correctional officials alleging claims regarding violations of the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA). The crux of the allegations is that Defendants retaliated against Plaintiff, who is a paraplegic, when he filed a grievance regarding a nonfunctioning wheelchair lift.

         Plaintiff filed this motion for appointment of counsel on October 25, 2016, contemporaneously with filing his Complaint. (DE 1, 3.) In his motion, he asks the court to appoint an attorney in this civil matter because is unable to afford counsel and his imprisonment, lack of education and limited access to a law library which is wheelchair accessible impinge on his ability to litigate this case successfully. Judge Rosen issued an order referring all pretrial proceedings to me on December 12, 2016. (DE 7.)

         II. ANALYSIS

         As a preliminary matter, although Plaintiff styles his motion as one for appointment of counsel, the Court does not have the authority to appoint a private attorney for Plaintiff in this civil matter. Proceedings in forma pauperis are governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1915, which provides that “[t]he court may request an attorney to represent any person unable to afford counsel.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) (emphasis added). However, even if the circumstances of Plaintiff's case convinced the Court to engage in such a search, “[t]here is no right to recruitment of counsel in federal civil litigation, but a district court has discretion to recruit counsel under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1).” Dewitt v. Corizon, Inc., 760 F.3d 654, 657 (7th Cir. 2014) (emphasis added); see also Olson v. Morgan, 750 F.3d 708, 712 (7th Cir. 2014) (“Congress hasn't provided lawyers for indigent prisoners; instead it gave district courts discretion to ask lawyers to volunteer their services in some cases.”).

         The Supreme Court has held that there is a presumption that “an indigent litigant has a right to appointed counsel only when, if he loses, he may be deprived of his physical liberty.” Lassiter v. Dep't of Soc. Servs., 452 U.S. 18, 26-27 (1981). With respect to prisoner civil rights cases in particular, the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has held that “there is no right to counsel. . . . The appointment of counsel in a civil proceeding is justified only by exceptional circumstances.” Bennett v. Smith, 110 F. App'x 633, 635 (6th Cir. 2004).[1]Accordingly, although the Court has the statutory authority to request counsel for pro se plaintiffs in civil cases under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the exercise of this authority is limited to exceptional situations.

         In evaluating a matter for “exceptional circumstances, ” a court should consider: (1) the probable merit of the claims, (2) the nature of the case, (3) the complexity of the legal and factual issues raised, and (4) the ability of the litigant to represent him or herself. Lince v. Youngert, 136 F. App'x 779, 782 (6th Cir. 2005); Lavado v. Keohane, 992 F.2d 601, 605-06 (6th Cir. 1993); Lanier v. Bryant, 332 F.3d 999, 1006 (6th Cir. 2003).

         Applying the foregoing authority, Plaintiff has not described circumstances sufficiently exceptional to justify a request for appointment of counsel. Plaintiff contends that he is indigent and unable to afford counsel and his imprisonment will limit his ability to litigate this case, especially his ability to engage in discovery. Such factors would apply to nearly every pro se prisoner proceeding in forma pauperis, and do not constitute extraordinary circumstances, even taking Plaintiff's paraplegic status into account. Further, despite Plaintiff's claim to the contrary, the operative claims do not appear to involve novel or especially complex issues. Moreover, Plaintiff's Complaint illustrates his ability to articulate his claims in a coherent manner and even the instant motion is clear in outlining his reasons for requesting the appointment of counsel. Finally, there is no indication that Plaintiff will be deprived of his physical liberty over and above his current sentence if he loses this civil case.

         Accordingly, at this time, Plaintiff's motion to appoint counsel is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE. (DE 3.) Plaintiff may petition the Court for the recruitment of pro bono counsel if this case survives dispositive motion practice, proceeds to trial, or if other circumstances demonstrate such a need in the future.

         IT IS ...

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