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Sandweiss v. Spirit Airlines, Inc.

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division

March 10, 2017

STUART SANDWEISS et al., Plaintiffs,
v.
SPIRIT AIRLINES, INC., Defendant.

          ORDER RESOLVING PENDING MOTIONS AND SETTING SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEFING SCHEDULE WITH RESPECT TO DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO ENFORCE SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT (ECF #13)

          MATTHEW F. LEITMAN, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         On June 3, 2016, Plaintiff Stuart Sandweiss (“Sandweiss”) and his wife Valerie (collectively, the “Sandweisses”) filed a putative class action against Defendant Spirit Airlines, Inc. (“Spirit”) in the Wayne County Circuit Court. (See Complaint, ECF #1-1.) In their Complaint, the Sandweisses alleged that Spirit engaged in false advertising and breached agreements related to the sale and purchase of airline tickets in 2010 and 2016. (See id.) Sandweiss, a licensed attorney, appeared as co-counsel for himself and his wife; Brian Herschfus (“Herschfus”) appeared as co-counsel. (See id.)

         Spirit removed the action to this Court on June 9, 2016 pursuant to the Class Action Fairness Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d)(2)(A) (“CAFA”). (See ECF #1.) Under CAFA, the Court has subject-matter jurisdiction over a putative class action where there is diversity of citizenship and the amount in controversy exceeds $5,000,000. See Id. One week later, Spirit filed a motion to dismiss the action on the merits (the “First Dismissal Motion”). (See ECF #3.)

         On July 12, 2016, the Sandweisses filed a motion to remand this action to the Wayne County Circuit Court (the “Motion to Remand”). (See ECF #5.) In the Motion to Remand, the Sandweisses argued that the Court lacked subject-matter jurisdiction under CAFA because they were willing to stipulate that the total damages for the proposed class would not exceed $5,000,000. (See Id. at Pg. ID 2.)

         The Court scheduled a hearing on the Motion to Remand for September 29, 2016. When the parties appeared, they reached a settlement and placed the terms of the settlement on the record. (See 9/29/16 Hearing Tr., ECF #10.) The parties subsequently memorialized the terms of the settlement and signed a settlement agreement (See ECF #13-3.). Among other things, the settlement agreement required the Sandweisses to execute a stipulation for dismissal of this action with prejudice.

         Sandweiss, in his capacity as counsel for the Sandweisses, declined to execute the stipulation. Sandweiss refused to do so because he believed that Spirit had not complied with other aspects of the parties’ settlement. Spirit thereafter filed a “Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs’ Complaint or Alternatively Motion to Enforce Settlement Agreement” (the “Spirit Enforcement Motion”). (See ECF #13.) In the Spirit Enforcement Motion, Spirit sought dismissal of this action with prejudice and sanctions against both the Sandweisses personally and Sandweiss and Herschfus in their capacity as counsel. (See id.) The Sandweisses filed a counter-motion to enforce the settlement agreement on December 19, 2016, based on their understanding of the terms of the agreement (the “Sandweiss Enforcement Motion”) (collectively with the Spirit Enforcement Motion, the “Enforcement Motions”). (See ECF #17.)

         The Court held an on-the-record status conference with respect to the Enforcement Motions on February 27, 2017, and a hearing on the Enforcement Motions on March 8, 2017.

         The parties agree that this action should be dismissed with prejudice. The only issue outstanding is whether the Court should sanction the Sandweisses and/or their counsel.

         Before the Court can rule on that issue, it must first address the Motion to Remand and determine whether it has subject-matter jurisdiction over this action. The Court concludes that it does. The only ground upon which the Sandweisses claimed that the Court lacked subject-matter jurisdiction was their willingness to stipulate that they would not seek more than $5,000,000 in class damages. However, the Supreme Court held in Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles, 133 S.Ct. 1345 (2013), that such a stipulation cannot defeat subject-matter jurisdiction under CAFA. The Court further agrees with Spirit’s explanation as to how the amount in controversy exceeds $5,000,000. (See ECF #8 at 23-31, Pg. ID 210-218.) Thus, the Court is satisfied that it has subject-matter jurisdiction over this action. It therefore DENIES the Motion to Remand.

         With respect to the Enforcement Motions, for the reasons stated on the record during the March 8, 2017, hearing, the Court currently believes that sanctions pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1927 are warranted against Sandweiss in his capacity as counsel for the Sandweisses.[1] The Court provisionally concludes that sanctions are appropriate due to Sandweiss’ refusal to execute a signed stipulation dismissing this action with prejudice – a refusal that “unreasonably and vexatiously” multiplied these proceedings. 28 U.S.C. § 1927. However, as set forth below, the Court will provide Sandweiss the opportunity to explain why sanctions are not appropriate under 28 U.S.C. § 1927.

         Accordingly, for the reasons stated above, and the reasons stated on the record at the March 8, 2017, hearing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED AS FOLLOWS:

• The Motion to Remand (ECF #5) is DENIED;
• The Sandweiss Enforcement Motion (ECF #17) is DENIED;
• The Spirit Enforcement Motion (ECF #13) is GRANTED to the extent it seeks dismissal of this action with prejudice, is DENIED to the extent it seeks sanctions against Mr. Herschfus, Valarie Sandweiss, and Stuart Sandweiss in his personal capacity, and IS CONTINUED FOR FURTHER PROCEEDINGS with respect to Spirit’s request for sanctions against Stuart Sandweiss in his capacity as counsel for the Sandweisses. Any such award of sanctions shall be limited to the ...

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