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Alexander v. Hoffman

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division

January 23, 2018

ANN HOFFMAN, et al., Defendants.




         Plaintiff D'Andre Alexander, currently a prisoner at the Gus Harrison Correctional Facility in Adrian, Michigan, filed this pro se civil rights case on June 6, 2016. (Docket no. 1.) He named several employees of the Michigan Department of Corrections (“MDOC”) Saginaw Correctional Facility (“SRF”) as defendants: Ann Hoffman, an Assistant Resident Unit Specialist; Scotty Freed, a Hearings Investigator; O'Bell T. Winn, a Deputy Warden; Donald Ricumstrict, also a Deputy Warden; and Shannon Flaugher, Randall VanSumeran, and Delardon Thomas, all Correctional Officers. Plaintiff alleges Defendants violated his rights under the Fourth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution by conspiring to plant a knife in Plaintiff's duffle bag, which resulted in a misconduct ticket and ultimately a transfer to the Chippewa Correctional Facility in Kincheloe, Michigan. (Docket no. 1, pp. 8-9.) Plaintiff seeks a declaratory judgment that Defendants broke the law, an injunction to have the misconduct conviction removed from his prison record, compensatory and punitive damages, and “any additional relief this Court deems just, proper, and equitable.” (Id. at 18-19.) Plaintiff sued Defendants Hoffman and Freed in their official and individual capacities, and sued the remaining Defendants in their individual capacities only. (Id. at 5-6.) The Court dismissed Plaintiff's official capacity claim against Defendant Freed on September 8, 2017. (Docket no. 36.)

         Before the Court is Defendant Hoffman's Motion to Dismiss Official-Capacity Claim (Docket no. 33.) Plaintiff did not respond to this motion. All pretrial matters have been referred to the undersigned for consideration. (Docket no. 9.) The undersigned has reviewed the pleadings, dispenses with a hearing pursuant to Eastern District of Michigan Local Rule 7.1(f), and issues this Report and Recommendation.


         For the reasons that follow, the undersigned recommends that Defendant Hoffman's Motion to Dismiss Official-Capacity Claim [33] be GRANTED.

         II. REPORT

         A. Factual Background

         Plaintiff submits that in April 2013, he filed a grievance against an unnamed staff member at SRF. Plaintiff contends that Defendant Hoffman was assigned to review this grievance and that during the review process, she threatened to plant a knife in Plaintiff's cell. (Docket no. 1, p. 6.) Plaintiff then filed a grievance against Defendant Hoffman, claiming that she was biased in her review of his previous grievance. Plaintiff claims that shortly after he filed that grievance against Defendant Hoffman, Defendant VanSumeren threatened to transfer Plaintiff to the “600 unit, ” a partial segregation unit at SRF, and that Defendant Flaugher told him he would have “Russel” reject the grievance against Defendant Hoffman. (Docket no. 1 at 7-8.)

         Plaintiff claims that, on June 7, 2013, Defendant Hoffman approached him as he was leaving breakfast and stated, “‘enjoy your last meal because you'll be saying bye bye to SRF real soon. I'm going to have [Defendant] Winn get you out of here.'” (Id. at 8.) Plaintiff was then stopped by an unknown officer, handcuffed, and escorted to the partial segregation unit. (Id.) When he arrived, he was informed that Defendant Hoffman found a knife in Plaintiff's duffle bag, and that Defendant Hoffman had therefore written a misconduct ticket written against him for possession of a weapon. Defendant Scott presided over the hearing on the misconduct ticket; Plaintiff was found guilty and sentenced to thirty days in segregation. (Id.)

         Plaintiff claims that later on in June, Defendants Winn and Ricumstrict each separately approached him and threatened him with being transferred to “URF, all the way up North.” (Docket no. 1 at 9.) And, on June 27, 2013, he was in fact transferred. Plaintiff claims that, as a result of the transfer, he was unable to complete a correspondence course, the “Pilgrim Theology Seminary, ” or sign up for other classes. (Id. at 10.) Plaintiff also lost yard time, access to other recreational facilities that SRF had but URF does not, and family visits, as URF is too far away for his sister to drive. Plaintiff also claims that URF is a hostile environment, and that many of the MDOC staff members there have used racial slurs when addressing him. (Id. at 11.)

         Plaintiff filed the instant complaint on June 6, 2016, alleging that Defendants violated his rights under the First, Fourth, and Eighth Amendments to the United States Constitution. (Id. at 5.) Defendant Hoffman contends that the official capacity claims against her should be dismissed because “[t]he Eleventh Amendment bars the instant suit against an MDOC official acting in her official capacity.” (Docket no. 33, p. 10.)

         B. Standard of Review

         A motion to dismiss pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) tests the sufficiency of a complaint. The court must “construe the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, accept its allegations as true, and draw all reasonable inferences in favor of the plaintiff.” Directv, Inc. v. Treesh, 487 F.3d 471, 476 (6th Cir. 2007); Inge v. Rock Fin. Corp., 281 F.3d 613, 619 (6th Cir. 2002). To survive a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, the complaint's “[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level on the assumption that all the allegations in the complaint are true.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. ...

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