United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division
R. GRAND MAGISTRATE, JUDGE
OPINION AND ORDER ADOPTING THE REPORT AND
RECOMMENDATION , GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR
SUMMARY JUDGMENT , AND DENYING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR
SUMMARY JUDGMENT 
STEPHEN J. MURPHY, III UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Plaintiff Adrian Ford unsuccessfully sought supplemental
security income, he filed the instant suit to challenge the
Social Security Administration's final decision. Ford and
the Commissioner filed cross-motions for summary judgment and
the magistrate judge issued a report and recommendation
("Report"). Ford filed objections, but for the
reasons below, the Court will adopt the Report, deny
Ford's motion, and grant the Commissioner's motion.
Rule 72(b) governs the review of a magistrate judge's
report, and the review varies depending on whether a party
objects. The Court need not undertake any review of portions
of a report to which no party has objected. Thomas v. Arn,
474 U.S. 140, 153 (1985). De novo review is required,
however, if the parties "serve and file specific written
objections to the proposed findings and
recommendations." Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(2).
performing de novo review, "[t]he district judge may
accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition;
receive further evidence; or return the matter to the
magistrate judge with instructions." Fed.R.Civ.P.
reviewing a case under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), the Court
"must affirm the Commissioner's conclusions absent a
determination that the Commissioner has failed to apply the
correct legal standards or has made findings of fact
unsupported by substantial evidence in the record."
Longworth v. Comm'r Soc. Sec. Admin., 402 F.3d 591, 595
(6th Cir. 2005) (quotations omitted). Substantial evidence
consists of "more than a scintilla of evidence but less
than a preponderance" such that a "reasonable mind
might accept [it] as adequate to support a conclusion."
Rogers v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 241 (6th
Cir. 2007) (quotations omitted). An ALJ may consider the
entire body of evidence without directly addressing each
piece in the decision. Kornecky v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec.,
167 Fed.Appx. 496, 507-08 (6th Cir. 2006). And an ALJ need
not "make explicit credibility findings as to each bit
of conflicting testimony, so long as his factual findings as
a whole show that he implicitly resolved such
sense, Ford's case dates back to 2012. That is when he
initially sought benefits and, as a consequence, he saw a
psychologist named Dr. Dickson in November of that year.
Dickson made various findings in a written opinion, diagnosed
Ford with pervasive developmental disorder and borderline
intellectual functioning, and assigned him a Global
Assessment of Functioning score of 48. ECF 14-8, PgID 830.
rest of the records, however, arose some years later, after
Ford filed the application now in dispute. Accordingly, the
rest of the relevant medical records were all created in 2016
and two affidavits were sworn to in January 2017. In summary:
19, 2016 - Ford saw Dr. Marshall, a psychologist, who made
specific observations about his mental abilities, affect, and
emotional state. Id. at 832-35. She provisionally
diagnosed him with two "Specific Learning
Disorders": one in reading, the other in mathematics.
Id. at 834.
2016 - Ford saw Dr. Kirzner, another psychologist, who
confirmed the learning disorder diagnoses and also made
observations about Ford's mental deficits and opined on
his ability to work gainfully. Id. at 843-47.
27, 2016 - Ford saw Dr. Rodriguez, a medical doctor, because
of worsening symptoms of depression. Id. at 850-52.
Rodriguez did not undertake the same level of detailed
findings that the psychologists did, but did ultimately
diagnose Ford with a single episode of "[c]hronic major
depressive disorder." Id. at 851.
3, 2016 - Ford saw Jayne McCullough, M.A., who administered
portions of the "Kaufman Test of Educational
Achievement" that evaluated Ford's proficiency in
math, reading, and spelling. Id. at 840-41.
McCullough concluded that Ford's reading and math levels
were "at a beginning first grade level" and opined
that he would "have a great deal of difficulty ...