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Solano-Moreta v. Washington

United States District Court, W.D. Michigan, Northern Division

April 3, 2019

HEIDI WASHINGTON et al., Defendants.



         This is a civil rights action brought by a federal prisoner, who was formerly housed in a Michigan State prison, brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Fed. Bur. of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971). Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 21, the Court is permitted to drop parties sua sponte when the parties have been misjoined. Pursuant to that rule, the Court will drop as misjoined Defendants Bousquet, Mohan, Bradshaw, James, Scott, and Gillet. The Court also will dismiss Count 13 against Defendant Washington as misjoined.


         I. Factual allegations

         Plaintiff is presently incarcerated with the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) at the United States Penitentiary (USP), McCreary, located in Pine Knot, Kentucky. The actions about which he complains, however, occurred while he was under the jurisdiction of the BOP, but housed in the Michigan Department of Corrections (MDOC) at the Marquette Branch Prison (MBP) in Marquette, Marquette County, Michigan. In his amended complaint (ECF No. 16), Plaintiff sues MDOC Director Heidi Washington and MDOC Psychiatric Director/Supervisor (unknown) Bradshaw, together with the following MBP officials: Warden Erica Huss; former Warden Robert Napel; Health Service Administrator (unknown) Scott; Assistant Administrator Sarah Schroeder; Hearing Officer (unknown) Mohan; Food Service Administrator Ann Bousquet; Dentist (unknown) Gillet; Property Department Supervisor (unknown) Durand; and Nurse/Nurse Supervisor Brenda James. Plaintiff also sues the following officials at the Federal Correctional Institution (FCI), Milan, Michigan: Case Manager Matthew Call; and Unit Manager James Billingslly.

         In his amended complaint, Plaintiff aggregates all of the allegedly unconstitutional actions that occurred during his two-year confinement at MBP, between August 4, 2016, and August 14, 2018.

         In his first set of allegations, Plaintiff complains that Defendants Schroeder, Huss, and Napel violated his First Amendment rights and BOP policy by refusing to permit Plaintiff to correspond with his brother, who is also a prisoner in the custody of the BOP. In Count 2, Plaintiff alleges that Defendants Billingslly, Call, Napel, and Washington deprived him of his rights under the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments, by transferring him to and keeping him in a Level-V prison[1]without due process. In Count 3, Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Hearing Officer Mohan denied him due process when, on June 19, 2017, Mohan found Plaintiff guilty of two misconduct charges that Plaintiff alleges were false.

         In his fourth cause of action, Plaintiff claims that Defendants Billingslly, Call, Washington, Napel, and Huss subjected him to cruel and unusual punishment by placing him and keeping him at MBP,

Because MBP: (A) Is contaminated with Asbestos, Led [sic] poison, Black Mold, etc.; (B) Is Bugs Infected with no fumigation policy; (C) Is Amazingly Dirty with old Food smashed on the inside walls of the inmates' Housing Units; (D) Is Birds' feces infected in the inmates' recreation yard and side walks, etc.

(Am. Compl., ECF No. 16, PageID.71.) Plaintiff asserts that, as a result of the conditions, he has suffered unspecified health complications and bug bites.

         Fifth, Plaintiff complains that Defendants Napel and Huss violated his rights under the Eighth Amendment when they denied him out-of-cell exercise for 250 days between April 2017 and August 2018, including 60 days straight from January 1, 2018, t0 March 2018. In his sixth count, Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Bousquet violated his rights under the Eighth Amendment by providing fewer than 2, 000 calories per day in his segregation diet, causing him to lose 25 pounds and to become fragile and weak by the time of his transfer back to the BOP.

         In his seventh cause of action, Plaintiff alleges that Defendants Warden Huss, Assistant Administrator Schroeder, and unspecified other staff have harassed him in retaliation for filing grievances. Plaintiff contends that Defendant Durand “disappeared personal and legal properties of Plaintiff in or about February 2017, June 13, 2017, December 22, 2017, and in or about February 2018.” (Id., PageID.73.) In addition, when Plaintiff transferred to the BOP on August 14, 2018, Defendant Huss did not allow him to take his property, informing him that his property and his trust account funds would be forwarded to the BOP. Plaintiff complains that neither the money nor the property has yet arrived. Among the missing property are approximately 50, 000 pages of legal documents, including court transcripts; miscellaneous legal journals, books, and magazines; a television; an MP3 player; family letters and pictures; religious material; a radio; clothes and shoes; personal hygiene and food items; and an address book. Further, Plaintiff alleges that he was subjected to other forms of harassment, including interference with his access to the telephone, denial of out-of-cell exercise, and access to medical care, all of which were retaliatory and violated the Eighth Amendment.

         Eighth, Plaintiff contends that Defendant Bradshaw violated his Eighth Amendment rights when she discontinued Plaintiff's Wellbutrin on February 6, 2018. Plaintiff complains that he had taken Wellbutrin for over 10 years for his depression and PTSD. Plaintiff contends that Bradshaw's action was based on the fact that Wellbutrin was off-formulary for the MDOC.

         In his ninth cause of action, Plaintiff complains that, for the two years he was housed at MBP, Defendants Brenda James and (unknown) Scott denied him medical care for his folliculitis and dermatitis, his dislocated left shoulder, his lower back problem, his foot problems requiring medical shoes with ...

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