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Auto Pride Collision East, Inc. v. United States

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division

June 17, 2019

AUTOPRIDE COLLISION, EAST, INC., Plaintiff,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Defendant.

          OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT UNITED STATES OF AMERICA'S MOTION TO DISMISS UNDER FEDERAL RULE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 12(b)(1) (ECF #7)

          PAUL D. BORMAN UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         I. BACKGROUND

         This matter involves Plaintiff Autopride Collision, East, Inc.'s repeated request for abatement of penalties and interest thereon that accrued due to its failure to timely file Form 941 returns, failure to make tax deposits, and failure to timely pay Form 941 taxes for a total of six tax quarters during 2011 and 2012. Plaintiff insists that the penalties should be abated on the reasonable grounds cause because a third-party payroll processor caused the above failures. In 2017, Plaintiff filed a suit against Defendant United States of America, which this Court dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Autopride v. U.S., No. 17-cv-11844, ECF #7, PgID 123 (E.D. Mich. Dec. 21, 2017) ("Autopride /")• The Court dismissed Autopride I because Plaintiff had neither paid the full amount of the amount of the penalty assessment prior to seeking a refund of the penalty, nor had Plaintiff filed a refund action as required by 26 U.S.C. § 7422 for the amounts paid. Now, Plaintiff has paid the full amounts and filed a lawsuit alleging the same three counts against Defendant United States, but Plaintiff has yet to file a timely refund action seeking a refund of any amounts paid, a jurisdictional prerequisite for filing suit in this Court. Again, the Court will dismiss Plaintiffs claims seeking "abatement"[1] for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.

         II. FACTS

         The following allegations are taken from Plaintiffs Complaint and attachments to Defendant's Motion.[2] Plaintiff is a tax-paying corporation formed under the laws of the State of Michigan. (ECF #1, Compl. ¶ 1.) Plaintiff is subject to the employment and income tax requirements of withholding and remitting taxes withheld from employees' payroll checks to deposit and pay over to the United States Treasury. (Id. ¶ 4.) Beginning on or about the third quarter of 2011 and continuing through the last quarter of 2012, specifically: third quarter 2011, fourth quarter 2011, first quarter 2012, second quarter 2012, third quarter 2012 and fourth quarter 2012, Plaintiff failed to properly withhold, deposit, file and pay payroll deposits. (Id. ¶ 5.) At the time of these failures, Plaintiff had its payroll processes administered through a third-party payroll administrator who was a professional tax preparer and bookkeeper. (Id. ¶ 6.)

         The Internal Revenue Service sent Plaintiff notices of the failure to remit and all said notices were received by the third-party payroll provider as agent of record for Plaintiff. Unknown to Plaintiff, the bookkeeper attempted to file and pay all the deficient returns and taxes prior to the principals of Plaintiff having knowledge of the issue. (Id. ¶¶ 7-8.) Upon assessment of significant penalties in addition to the tax, the third-party payroll provider approached the Plaintiff and explained what had happened. At that point in time, the original tax had been paid, with the only remaining debt being the penalty. (Id. ¶¶ 9-10.)

         Shortly after these events occurred, Plaintiff terminated the third-party payroll provider and hired another firm to provide the service. The new payroll firm, also an office of certified public accountants, filed a request to abate the penalties based in part on Plaintiffs reliance on a professional in handling the payroll responsibilities for Plaintiff. (Id. ¶¶ 11-12.) According to Plaintiff, the Internal Revenue Service did not reply to the requests of the Taxpayer in a timely manner, and the Taxpayer filed a number of requests for an update or determination of its request continuing until March, 2017. (Id. ¶ 13.) The Plaintiff avers that the Taxpayer appeal was denied, according to the IRS, some time ago but only recently communicated to the taxpayer. (Id. ¶ 14.)

         Defendant United States attached certain documents to its Motion, including IRS Account Transcripts and correspondence between Plaintiff and Debra Barker, an IRS Revenue Officer, and correspondence between Plaintiff and the IRS Appeals Office. On June 20, 2013, Revenue Officer Barker denied Plaintiffs request for a penalty adjustment, explaining that the information contained in a May 28, 2013 letter from Plaintiff did not establish reasonable cause for adjusting the penalty and explaining to Plaintiff the Appeal Procedures. (ECF #7-3, June 20, 2013 Letter.) On July 1, 2013, Robert Taylor of the CPA firm Taylor & Morgan sent a letter to Ms. Barker stating that Plaintiff would like to appeal the tax decision regarding their abatement request and stating that a detailed explanation would follow explaining Plaintiffs entitlement to relief. (ECF #7-4, July 1, 2013 Letter.) On October 30, 2013, Leonard Bartold of the IRS Appeals Office sent a letter to Mr. Dunigan at Plaintiff Autopride explaining that based on the facts presented, "including the additional information you submitted," the determination had been made that there was "no basis for abatement of the penalty(s) . . . within the protective framework of reasonable cause." (ECF #7-5, October 30, 2013 Letter.) The letter explained that the case was then closed in Appeals and explaining that in order to file suit with the United States District Court or the United States Court of Federal Claims, Plaintiff had to pay the balance of the assessed penalty, file a Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement, with the IRS Service Center which would issue a formal notice of claim disallowance, giving Plaintiff two years to bring formal suit. (Id.)

         A year later, on October 10, 2014, Plaintiffs present counsel wrote a letter to the IRS attaching Form 843 s for Plaintiff for the last two quarters of 2011 and all quarters of 2012, dated October 10, 2014, and asking for "consideration" of the enclosures. (ECF #7-6, Oct. 10, 2014 Letter.) At this time, Plaintiff still had not paid the penalties assessed. In response to the October 10, 2014 letter from Mr. Salim, on November 5, 2014, the IRS sent Plaintiff a letter explaining that a review of the case file shows that Plaintiff had previously exercised its appeal rights with respect to the penalties assessed. (ECF #7-7, Nov. 5, 2014 Letter.) The letter again explained that the next level of appeal would be to file a petition with the court, which could be done "after the penalties are paid" and a claim for refund had been filed with the Service Center and a formal disallowance issued. (Id.)

         On June 9, 2017, without paying the penalties and filing a refund claim along with a request for an immediate claim disallowance as clearly directed by the IRS, Plaintiff filed Autopride /, which this Court dismissed due to Plaintiffs failure to pay the penalties under Flora v. United States, 362 U.S. 145, 146 (1960) and failure to satisfy the jurisdictional requirements of 26 U.S.C. § 7422. See Autopride v. U.S., No. 17-cv-l 1844, ECF #7, PgID 123 (E.D. Mich. Dec. 21, 2017).

         In July 2018, Plaintiff paid the penalties that it now disputes, in addition to the interest accrued on those penalties (ECF #7-2, Tax Transcripts), but Plaintiff has not filed and had a claim for a refund disallowed by the IRS after paying the penalty assessment.

         III. PROCEDURAL HISTORY

         On February 20, Plaintiff filed its Complaint. (ECF #1.) The Complaint contains the same three counts for "abatement of penalty" under IRC §§ 6651, 6652, and 6656 as Autopride I. On April 30, 2019, Defendant filed its Motion to Dismiss for lack of jurisdiction under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1). (ECF #7.) Plaintiff filed its Response (ECF #8) on May 13, 2019, and on May 28, 2019, Defendant filed its Reply in support of its Motion (ECF #9).[3]

         IV. ...


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