United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division
Coronda S. Sanders, Plaintiff,
Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.
Patricia T. Morris U.S. Magistrate Judge.
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY
JUDGMENT , GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY
JUDGMENT , ADOPTING THE REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION ,
AND OVERRULING PLAINTIFF'S OBJECTIONS 
J. TARNOW SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Coronda Sanders, applied to the Social Security
Administration for disability and disability insurance
benefits on May 9, 2015. Her initial application was denied,
and she opted to proceed with a hearing in front of an
Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”). On February 27,
2018, ALJ Latanya White Richards determined that Ms. Sanders
was not disabled within the meaning of the Social Security
Act. That decision was affirmed by the Social Security
Administration's Appeals Council on June 11, 2018. On
August 2, 2018, Ms. Sanders brought this suit pursuant to 42
U.S.C. § 1383(c)(3), which provides federal courts with
jurisdiction to review decisions denying claimants Social
Security Disability benefits for lack of disability.
Sanders' case was assigned to Magistrate Judge Patricia
T. Morris for determination of non-dispositive motions
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A) and issuance of a
Report and Recommendation (“R&R”) pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) & (C). [Dkt. # 3].
Plaintiff filed her Motion for Summary Judgment  on
February 7, 2019. Defendant filed his Motion for Summary
Judgment  on March 15, 2019. On July 7, 2019, the
Magistrate Judge issued an R&R  recommending that
Defendant's motion be granted, and Plaintiff's motion
be denied. Plaintiff filed timely objections, to which
Defendant has responded.
reasons stated below, the Court OVERRULES
the Objections  and ADOPTS the R&R
. Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment  is
DENIED. Defendant's Motion for Summary
Judgment  is GRANTED.
Sanders is a 45-year-old woman who alleges that she became
disabled following a car accident on January 21, 2015. (Tr.
50-51). Following this accident, Ms. Sanders received
surgical treatment for pubic, femoral, tibial, and fibulal
fractures. (Tr. 52). As a result of these injuries, she
developed arthrofibrosis and suffers from limited range of
motion in her right knee. (Id.). Though she has
undergone extensive physical therapy, Ms. Sanders still walks
with a cane and suffers from pain throughout the day. (Tr.
Court adopts the Magistrate Judge's recitation of Ms.
Sanders' application reports and administrative hearing.
Plaintiff's Function Report
Plaintiff competed an adult function report on June 2, 2016.
(R.12 at PageID.196- 203.) In the report, Plaintiff indicated
that she is able to care for her personal needs except that
she needs help putting on her right shoe and socks, and she
uses a commode because a regular toilet is too low. (R.12 at
PageID.197.) She does not need any special reminders and is
able to cook frozen meals and make sandwiches on a daily
basis for between thirty minutes to one hour. (R.12 at
PageID.198.) Although Plaintiff can wipe counters and sinks,
she needs help taking the trash out, vacuuming, and dusting.
(R.12 at PageID.198.) She does not do yard work because she
“can't stand long enough.” (R.12 at
PageID.199.) Plaintiff does not drive but is able to ride in
a car, and she shops in stores for household items once a
week for about one hour at a time. (R.12 at PageID.199.)
Plaintiff does not need any help with finances.
(Id.) Plaintiff indicated she does not have any
hobbies and was unsure whether there have been any changes in
such activities since her conditions began. (R.12 at
PageID.200.) Plaintiff socializes by going to appointments,
to the store, and to church. (Id.) Plaintiff
indicated that she “stay[s] home more now due to my
physical disability to get out and also due to the pain I
suffer on a daily basis.” (R.12 at PageID.201.)
Plaintiff has no difficulties paying attention or dealing
with authority figures or co-workers. (R.12 at
PageID.201-02.) Plaintiff summarized that the hardware in her
right leg “prevents it from bending correctly at the
knee, it lock[s] at a point and it will not move any farther.
The pain I suffer from some days will not allow me to get out
of bed. Sometimes for several hours until the pain clams
down.” (R.12 at PageID.203.)
Plaintiff's Testimony at the Hearing
An administrative hearing was held in Plaintiff's case on
September 27, 2017. (R.12 at PageID.60-86.) Plaintiff
testified that she is 5 feet, 3 inches tall and weighs 240
pounds. (R.12 at PageID.65.) Plaintiff has a driver's
license and drove herself to the hearing; she also drives to
her doctors' appointments and the store. (R.12 at
PageID.66.) Plaintiff lives alone in an apartment and
received workers compensation benefits until May of 2017.
(R.12 at PageID.66-67, 73.) Plaintiff's alleged onset
date (January 21, 2015) corresponds to the date she was
involved in a car accident which resulted in a
hospitalization and two months of rehabilitation. (R.12 at
PageID.67-68.) Before her accident, Plaintiff worked as a
group home manager, caring for the developmentally disabled.
(R.12 at PageID.68.) Plaintiff suffered a broken pelvis, a
degloving injury, and has “a lot of metal in [her]
right leg, like, from the ankle to the hip, a lot of
metal.” (R.12 at PageID.69.) Plaintiff followed up with
physical therapy for some time and she currently takes pain
medications. (R.12 at PageID.69-70.) Plaintiff indicated that
she sometimes gets drowsy because of the medication. (R.12 at
PageID.70-71.) Plaintiff is able to cook light meals and
grocery shop but needs help from her family with vacuuming,
laundry, and other cleaning. (R.12 at PageID.71-72.)
Plaintiff estimated that she could stand comfortably for
about 15-20 minutes, sit comfortably for “at least 30
minutes, ” and walk for about half of a city block.
(R.12 at PageID.73-75.) Plaintiff stated that she uses a cane
“for distance” but “can move around the
house without it.” (R.12 at PageID.75.) Plaintiff's
hypertension is under control with medications and her CPAP
machine has resolved her sleep apnea issues. (R.12 at
Pursuant to her attorney's questions, Plaintiff testified
that because of scar tissue in her knee, she cannot bend her
knee beyond 60 degrees, making it very difficult to pick
things off the floor. (R.12 at PageID.76-78.) Her pelvic pain
is worsened by sitting too long so she lies down
“between five and six times” for “20 to 30
minutes” per day to relieve the pain. (R.12 at
PageID.78-79.) Plaintiff was prescribed and uses a shower
chair. (R.12 at PageID.79.) Plaintiff sometimes misses church
because she is very stiff, “like, paralyzed for a
while” in the morning due to pain. (R.12 at ...