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Hodgson v. Commissioner of Social Security

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division

September 23, 2019

RYAN D. HODGSON, Plaintiff,



         The Commissioner of the Social Security Administration ("SSA") denied Ryan D. Hodgson's ("Hodgson") application for supplemental security income and disability insurance benefits in a decision issued by an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ"). ECF 7-2, PgID 43–51. After the SSA Appeals Council declined to review the ruling, Hodgson appealed. ECF 1. The Court referred the matter to Magistrate Judge Anthony P. Patti and the parties filed cross-motions for summary judgment. ECF 2, 11, 12. The magistrate judge issued a Report and Recommendation ("Report") advising the Court to deny Hodgson's motion and grant the Commissioner's motion. ECF 13. Hodgson timely objected to the Report. ECF 14. After examining the record and considering Hodgson's objections de novo, the Court now concludes that his arguments lack merit. The Court will therefore overrule Hodgson's objections, adopt the Report's findings, deny Hodgson's motion for summary judgment, and grant the Commissioner's motion for summary judgment.


         The Report properly details the events giving rise to Hodgson's action against the Commissioner. ECF 13, PgID 559–61, 563. The Court will adopt that portion of the Report.


         Civil Rule 72(b) governs the review of a magistrate judge's report. A district court's standard of review depends on whether a party files objections. The Court need not undertake any review of portions of a Report to which no party has objected. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149–50 (1985). De novo review is required, however, if the parties "serve and file specific written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations." Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(2). When conducting a de novo review, "[t]he district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition; receive further evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions." Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3).

         Individuals who receive an adverse final decision from the Commissioner may appeal the decision to a federal district court. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). When reviewing a case under § 405(g), the Court "must affirm the Commissioner's conclusions absent a determination that the Commissioner has failed to apply the correct legal standards or has made findings of fact unsupported by substantial evidence in the record." Walters v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 528 (6th Cir. 1997) (citations omitted). Substantial evidence consists of "more than a scintilla of evidence but less than a preponderance" such that "a reasonable mind might accept [the evidence] as adequate to support a conclusion." Cutlip v. Sec'y of Health & Human Servs., 25 F.3d 284, 286 (6th Cir. 1994) (citation omitted). An ALJ may consider the entire body of evidence without directly addressing each piece in his decision. Loral Def. Sys.–Akron v. N.L.R.B., 200 F.3d 436, 453 (6th Cir. 1999) (citation omitted). "Nor must an ALJ make explicit credibility findings as to each bit of conflicting testimony, so long as his factual findings as a whole show that he implicitly resolved such conflicts." Id. (internal quotations and citation omitted) (alteration omitted).


         Hodgson raises two objections. The Court will address each in turn.

         I. Objection

         1 First, Hodgson objects to the magistrate judge's finding "that the ALJ's decision was supported by substantial evidence." ECF 14, PgID 583. Hodgson provides his own assessment of why he cannot work. Id. at 583–85. But Hodgson does not contest the magistrate judge's findings. Instead, he restates the same arguments he made to the ALJ, id., and in his motion for summary judgment, ECF 11, PgID 523–25. He contends that "SSA regulations were not followed, " but does not cite any specific regulations. ECF 14, PgID 583. Non-specific objections to a magistrate judge's report and recommendation are improper and do not require de novo review. See Jidas v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., No. 17-cv-14198, 2019 WL 1306172, at *1–2 (E.D. Mich. Mar. 22, 2019). The Court therefore need not review Hodgson's first objection de novo.

         Moreover, the magistrate judge was correct in determining the ALJ's finding that Hodgson was not disabled was supported by substantial evidence. An ALJ must defer to a treating physician's medical opinion or "provide good reason for refusing to defer to the opinion." Turner v Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 381 F.App'x 488, 492 (6th Cir. 2010) (citations omitted). But "a treating physician's opinion is only entitled to such special attention and deference when it is a medical opinion." Id. 492–93 (citations omitted) (emphasis in original). When, instead, a treating physician "submits an opinion on an issue reserved to the Commissioner-such as whether the claimant is 'disabled' or 'unable to work'-the opinion is not entitled to any particular weight." Id. at 493 (citations omitted).

         The only evidence in the record to support a finding here that Hodgson was disabled is a report from his treating physician, Dr. Leon Rubenfaer, M.D. ECF 7-7, PgID 430–31. Dr. Rubenfaer found that Hodgson lacks the ability "to understand, remember, and carry out simple instructions;" to "make judgments that are commensurate with the functions of unskilled work;" to "respond appropriately to supervision;" and to "deal with changes in a routine work setting." Id. Hodgson's testimony, however, directly contradicted Dr. Rubenfaer's conclusions. Hodgson testified that he lives with his two children, gets them up and ready for school, and then drives them to school every morning. ECF 7-2, PgID 61–62, 71. He also testified that he does not require anyone to care for him, dress, or feed him, that he cooks dinner for his children, plays games with them, and goes to the gym. Id. at 72–74. With his own testimony, Hodgson contradicted Dr. Rubenfaer's assessment, and provided the ALJ good reason to discredit Dr. Rubenfaer's conclusions.

         Dr. Rubenfaer also opined that Hodgson was "totally [and] permanently disabled." ECF 7-7, PgID 431. Dr. Rubenfaer's opinion is not a medical opinion, and therefore "is not entitled to any particular weight." Turner, F.App'x at 493. Further, Dr. Barbra Jones Smith, Ph.D., and Dr. David A. Harley, Ph.D., disagreed with Dr. Rubenfaer, ...

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