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Day v. General Motors Co.

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division

November 20, 2019

ROY A. DAY, Plaintiff,
v.
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY and MARY T. BARRA, Defendants.

          ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO DISMISS [ECF NO. 16], DENYING AS MOOT DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO CHANGE VENUE [ECF NO. 17], AND DISMISSING PLAINTIFF'S CAUSE OF ACTION

          DENISE PAGE HOOD UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         I. INTRODUCTION

         Pro se Plaintiff filed the instant cause of action on May 6, 2019, and filed an amended complaint on May 29, 2019 (the “Amended Complaint”). Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss [ECF No. 16] and a Motion to Change Venue [ECF No. 17] on September 13, 2019. The motions have been fully briefed, and the Court also is in receipt of a letter from Plaintiff filed on November 7, 2019. [ECF Nos. 23, 25-29] The Court, having concluded that the decision process would not be significantly aided by oral argument, previously ordered that the motion be resolved on the motion and briefs submitted by the parties. E.D. Mich. L.R. 7.1(f)(2). For the reasons set forth below, Defendants' Motion to Dismiss is granted, Defendants' Motion to Change Venue is denied as moot, Plaintiff's cause of action is dismissed.[1]

         II. BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff, a Florida resident, brought this three-count action against Defendant General Motors Company, a Michigan corporation (“GM”), and Defendant Mary T. Barra, a Michigan resident and the Chief Executive Officer of GM (“Barra” or “MTB”). The action stems from Plaintiff's purchase of a General Motors Chevrolet Spark 1LT (“Spark” or “S”) from Castriota Chevrolet (the “Dealership” of “CC”) in Hudson, Florida. ECF No. 8, PgID 56 (¶6). On May 19, 2016, Plaintiff executed a contract with the Dealership for purchase of the Spark and a loan agreement with GM Financial (a GM subsidiary). Id. The Spark came with a bumper-to-bumper 36, 000 mile/3-year warranty.

         Plaintiff alleges that he had a number of issues with the Spark, as follows:

The mileage on the “S” on February 19, 2017 was 12, 317 miles. On February 28, 2017 the “S” had a Left HighBeam fail (First Time), and was replaced under warranty. On September 13, 2017, Plaintiff delivered a letter to Ms. Cathy Davidson at “CC” in Hudson, Florida on the “S” HighBeam issue, and the probability that an “electrical system” issue exist for the “S” (See Exhibit “500” attached hereto and by reference incorporated herein). On October 5, 2017, with 26, 435 miles, the “S” had a Right Highbeam fail (First Time), and was replaced under warranty. On January 4, 2018, the “S” had a Battery Failure, and Plaintiff received a Jump Start with GM Roadside Assistance after Plaintiff telephoned Defendant “GM's” Road-Side Assistance. The “S” on January 19, 2018 had 33, 856. On May 19, 2018, the “S” had a mileage of 42, 364. CAVEAT: Pursuant to contract law, under a “cunning, misleading, and deceptive” interpretation, and a “planned obsolescence scam” interpretation, an individual would “cunningly, misleading, and deceptively, ” state the “S” was now “out-of-warranty” pertaining to the “paper-legal-defined-warranty, ” when in fact, based on the facts in the instant case, Plaintiff's vehicle warranty for the “S” was still valid, and full and complete. On June 29, 2018 the “S” had another Dead Battery, and Plaintiff received a Jump Start from GEICO RoadSide Assistance. The mileage on June 19, 2018 was 44, 456 miles. With 45, 000 miles on July 3, 2018, Plaintiff had another battery failure, and the “Cruise Control” failed (no longer functional in the “set” mode). In addition, on July 3, 2018, the “Traction Control/Electronic Stability Control” failed (no longer functional in the “set” mode) with the “icon constantly appearing in the information display. Subsequently, on July 3, 2018, Plaintiff purchased a new battery from Advance Auto Parts (Battery Gold ATOCF - EA 11348065 H4). With the “W36” reflecting a “cunning, misleading, and deceptive paper-expiration, ” even though Plaintiff had documented the deficient HighBeam issue as associated with a deficient electrical system issue on the “S, (see Exhibit “500” attached hereto), Plaintiff made an appearance at “CC” in Hudson, Florida requesting service under the warranty for the aforesaid Cruise Control issue, and Traction Control issue, and the HighBeam issue, and the electrical system issue, but was denied service under the “cunning, misleading, and deceptive” paper-expiration-warranty, and was informed that the diagnostic check would be $148.00. Plaintiff refused, since Plaintiff contends that since Plaintiff documented the HighBeam issue, as associated with the electrical system on the “S” (see Exhibit “500” attached hereto) that Plaintiff was still under the “W36.” Defendants are using “W36's” disclaimers on warranties in an unfair or misleading manner! On July 19, 2018, the “S” had 46, 498 miles. On July 23, 2018, the Left HighBeam failed a “Second Time” with a NEW BATTERY (since the electrical system, and/or HighBeams, were deficient on the “S, ” Plaintiff expected the HighBeam to fail again, when in fact, the Highbeam did fail again, and will continue to fail). Accordingly, as Plaintiff surmised in the letter (See Exhibit “500” attached hereto) to Ms. Davidson (See Exhibit “500” attached hereto) pertaining to the electrical system and the HighBeam issue, Plaintiff was correct, specifically, the “S” had a deficient electrical system, and/or the HighBeam replacement was a “planned-obsolescence” “scam” to force and coerce a “cunning, misleading, deceptive” maintenance schedule.

ECF No. 8, PgID 56-57 (¶6) (emphasis in original). Plaintiff alleges that he was forced to file this action because:

To ensure the record was clear and certain and full and satisfactory, Plaintiff sent a letter to Defendant “MTB” documenting the “cunning, misleading, and deceptive” warranty (See Exhibit “501” attached hereto and by reference incorporated herein). Plaintiff received no response to the aforesaid Exhibit “501” so Plaintiff sent a second letter to Defendant “MTB” (See Exhibit “502” attached hereto and by reference incorporated herein). Plaintiff received an email response that indicating to contact Defendants via a telephone conversation, but Plaintiff was not duped. Plaintiff sent a reply email indicating all correspondence must in writing via an email response (See Exhibit “503” attached hereto and by reference incorporated herein) (See Exhibit “504” attached hereto and by reference incorporated herein).

ECF No. 8, PgID 58 (¶7) (emphasis in original).

         Count One of Plaintiff's Amended Complaint is for breach of contract, Count Two is for fraud, and Count Three is for negligence. As to GM, Plaintiff alleges that:

[GM] is an automobile manufacturing parent-holding company with various affiliates, subsidiaries, agents, servants, and co-conspirators, including but not limited to, Castriota Chevrolet (hereafter, “CC”) in Hudson, Florida. Defendant “GM” is engaged in the business of manufacturing vehicles in the various States across the United States, and the various Nations on Planet Earth. At all times pertinent to this Complaint, and at all times mentioned, Defendant “GM” was acting through its principal agents, and servants, including but not limited to, Castriota Chevrolet in Hudson, Florida, and Defendant Mary T. Barra, and various agents, and servants, and co-conspirators, and employees, of Defendant “GM, ” including but not limited to, various subsidiaries and affiliates of Defendant “GM, ” whose names are not known to Plaintiff at this stage of litigation. Defendant “GM” was acting individually and in concert, with each and all agents and servants and co-conspirators and employees, including but not limited to, Defendant Mary T. Barra, and “CC” in Hudson, Florida. CAVEAT: For the purpose of the instant complaint, Defendant “GM” refers, relates, pertains and mentions each and all subsidiaries and affiliates, and agents, and servants, and co-conspirators, and employees, whose names are not know to Plaintiff at this stage of litigation.

ECF No. 8, PgID 54-55 (¶2) (emphasis in original). Plaintiff makes the following allegations about Barra:

Defendant is Mary T. Barra, Chairman and President and Chief Executive Officer (hereafter, Defendant “MTB”) of Defendant “GM.” At all times pertinent to this Complaint, Defendant “MTB, ” was employed by Defendant “GM” as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, with her legal residence and domicile in the State of Michigan. In doing the acts and things hereinafter set forth, Defendant “MTB” was acting individually and in concert with “CC” in Hudson, Florida, and its various subsidiaries and affiliates, and agents, and servants, and co-conspirators, and employees, in Defendant “MTB's” capacity as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Defendant “GM.” Each and all acts of Defendant “MTB” set forth herein were done by Defendant “MTB, ” acting individually and in concert under pretense and by virtue of, and under the authority of, Defendant “MTB's” office as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Defendant “GM, ” and its various subsidiaries and affiliates, and agents, and servants, and co-conspirators, and employees, and its various subsidiaries and affiliates, and agents, and servants, and co-conspirators, and employees.

ECF No. 8, PgID 55 (¶3) (emphasis added). Plaintiff also alleges that he sent Barra two letters, but Barra never responded to either of them. ECF No. 8, PgID 58 (¶7).

         III. ...


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