Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Awshana v. Adducci

United States District Court, E.D. Michigan, Southern Division

November 20, 2019

REBECCA ADDUCCI, et al., Respondents.



         This matter is presently before the Court on petitioner's application for a writ of habeas corpus [docket entry 1]. Respondents have filed a response in opposition in which they argue that the petition should be denied. Petitioner has not replied, and the time for him to do so has expired. Pursuant to E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(f)(2), the Court shall decide the petition without a hearing.

         Petitioner indicates that he has been detained pending removal since April 2018. He argues that this is an unreasonable length of time and that this Court should order him released on bond, or require an immigration judge to conduct a bond hearing, pending the completion of the removal proceedings.

         Petitioner's application is denied for the reasons stated by Judge Jack Zouhary of the Northern District of Ohio, where petitioner filed a similar application in April 2019. See Awshana v. Adducci, No. 4:19-cv-00724 (N.D. Ohio). Judge Zouhary's July 10, 2019, order granting respondents' motion to dismiss, which petitioner did not appeal, states in relevant part as follows:

Awshana is an Iraqi citizen who first entered the United States as a refugee in 2009 (Doc. 1 at 3-4). In 2017, he was convicted of drug possession and twice convicted of retail fraud (Doc. 4-3 at 4; Doc. 4-12 at ¶ 5). Following these convictions, the Government took him into custody and initiated removal proceedings in April 2018 (Doc. 4-12 at ¶ 6). His detention was then authorized by 8 U.S.C. § 1226(c), which requires detention of aliens who are deportable for committing certain criminal offenses (Doc. 4-12 at ¶¶ 5-6, 16).
In August 2018, a Detroit immigration judge ordered Awshana's removal to Iraq (Doc. 4-4). When that order was issued, the authority for Awshana's continued detention changed to 8 U.S.C. § 1231(a), which allows, but does not require, detention of aliens subject to removal orders. See Ly v. Hansen, 351 F.3d 263, 267 (6th Cir. 2003).
The Government then obtained an Iraqi travel document for Awshana and scheduled his removal for April 2019 via commercial flight (Doc. 4-12 at ¶¶ 9-10). On the scheduled departure date, Awshana refused to board the flight, and he was returned to detention, where he remains today (id. at ¶ 11).
Recently, an immigration judge stayed Awshana's removal and reopened his immigration case (Doc. 4-7 at 2; Doc. 4-9 at 6). Accordingly, the statute authorizing his detention has switched back to Section 1226(c) (Doc. 4-12 at ¶¶ 5, 16).
In the Petition, Awshana challenges the lawfulness of his detention under Section 1231(a). He cites Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 699-01 (2001), to argue that, once an alien has been detained under Section 1231(a) for six months, he “must be released if there is no reasonable likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future” (Doc. 1 at 6). The Government argues Awshana's claim is moot because he is no longer detained under Section 1231(a), which permits detention, but rather under Section 1226(c), which requires it (Doc. 4-1 at 3-4).
A case becomes moot “when events occur during the pendency of a litigation which render the court unable to grant the requested relief.” Carras v. Williams, 807 F.2d 1286, 1289 (6th Cir. 1986). In Parlak v. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Sixth Circuit held that a petitioner's challenge to his detention was moot where, during petitioner's appeal, the authority for his detention changed from Section 1226 to Section 1231. 2006 WL 3634385, at *1 (6th Cir. 2006)
Similarly, here, Awshana challenges his detention under Section 1231(a), but he is now detained under Section 1226(c). Although Section 1226(c) does not allow for indefinite detention, Awshana has no live claim for relief because there has been no “unreasonable delay in concluding removal proceedings.” Ly, 351 F.3d at 271. His immigration case was reopened just two months ago (Doc. 4-9 at 6), and he invited his continued detention by refusing to board the earlier removal flight (see Doc. 4-1 at 3). See also Lakhani v. O'Leary, 2010 WL 3730157, at *2 (N.D. Ohio 2010).
If circumstances change, Awshana may again seek habeas relief. For now, “there is no live controversy concerning whether his detention . . . would be ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.